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Full text of "Washington, D.C."

WASHINGTON, D.C 







Wfelcome 
to 
Washington 



This lovely city, one of the 10 largest in the United States, 
still shares with smaller American towns a beautiful tree- 
studded skyline and a pleasant sense of human scale. It is 
remarkably appropriate that the characteristics of towns 
both large and small are reflected here. For Washington, un- 
like any other city in the Nation, belongs to all the people. 
Every monument, every public building, and all the treasure 
in the national museums is the property of every citizen. 

The primary business here is government. The visual evi- 
dence is on all sides, in the grandeur of the buildings and in 
the many monuments and memorials. But the true spirit 
and character of this Federal City are created by the people 




."""'■ 



■ 





who work every day to carry out the duties for which they 
were employed, elected, or appointed. These people work 
for the Nation as a whole, and they give life to the concept 
so eloquently voiced by President Abraham Lincoln in 
1863: "that government of the people, by the people, for 
the people, shall not perish from the earth." 

Washington has grown to surpass even the dreams of 
Pierre Charles L'Enfant, its earliest and most farsighted 
champion, who laid out the original city "on such a scale," 
he wrote, "that it will leave room for that [embellishment] 
which the increase of wealth of the nation will permit it to 
pursue to any period however remote." 



In 1814 the budding capital was put to the torch by in- 
vading British troops. The fire raged for two days and two 
nights, and when it was over a survivor wrote: "I do not 
suppose the Government will ever return to Washington." 
But return the Government did, with hope and resolution. 
The rebuilding that began that day— on the ashes of defeat- 
was to continue and become the city of grand design that 
greets you now. 

And if a Washington welcome seems warmer than most, 
that's as it should be. Because Washington is more than a 
nation's capital and the cornerstone of a free world. It is a 
shrine to the American Dream. (continued) 



UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA 









fORY 




Welcome to Washington (continued) 

So savor the experiences that are here to share: 

Tour the Tidal Basin and the Mall, and see the monu- 
ments to those who led the Nation in times of trouble. 
Stand in the awesome presence of Lincoln and Jefferson 
and thrill to the imperishable words graven on the walls of 
their memorials. View the fascinating panorama of the city 
from the top of the Washington Monument. 

Visit the National Archives, and ponder the documents 
that proclaimed our birth as a union. 

Walk the hallowed slopes at Arlington, and consider the 
price we paid for freedom. 

Stroll through the corridors of the Capitol, where our 
past was shaped and where our 200-year-old experiment 
with democracy still continues. 

And then, if your calendar permits, visit the other land- 
marks of liberty presented in this book. For to do so is to 
enjoy your stay to the full and to renew your faith in the 
high ideals that unite us as a people. 

Washington is the central stage on which our national 
drama is played, so it abounds with pomp and ceremony. 
But "Hail to the Chief and sunset parades are but the fan- 
fare for another Washington— and you'll like this one, too. 
This other Washington is a city of fragrant parks and color- 
ful gardens. And it is here, in these inviting retreats, that 
you will find welcome calm and quiet. 

Follow a footpath on the picturesque slopes to the green 
heart of Rock Creek Park and picnic in a forest of oaks, 
pines, dogwood, hickory, and beech. 

Bask in the beauty of Dumbarton Oaks, where the spring 
air is spiced with the scent of winter jasmine. 

Laze awhile by the flowering cherry trees on Hains 
Point, flanked by the Washington Channel and the peaceful 
Potomac. 

Or rest in the shade of Farragut Square and watch offi- 
cial Washington go about its business. For to do these 
things is to truly celebrate this city, and to understand why 
Washingtonians are as proud of its natural beauty as of its 
great marble memorials. 

It is all yours to enjoy, and on behalf of the National 
Park Service the National Visitor Center is here to serve 
you. Our mission is to help you make the most of your ex- 
perience here. The city is yours to enjoy. You will soon dis- 
cover that the people who live and work here will welcome 
the opportunity to help you find ways to share with them 
the many wonders of Washington. 



Covet photos lop left Corcoran Gallery ol Art. lop right, middle left end center Roloc, Washington, D C . lower left Wash- 
ington Area Convention and Visitors Bureau, lower middle Pholn, lower right Jack Rottiet Pages 1 and 2 Fred J Maroon 
Page 3 lop Roloc. Washington. D C remainder Donna Harris 




The National Visitor Center is located in this magnificent 
structure, built in 1907 as a railroad station. Beautifully re- 
modeled and refurbished, the center provides a wide range 
of facilities for all who visit the city and the Nation. 




I 




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• " 'm 

WTt 




CAPITOL HILL 
AND ENVIRONS 



When George Washington laid the cornerstone for a 
modest Capitol on Jenkins' Hill in 1793, he could 
hardly have imagined the majestic edifice reflected 
here in the pool at Union Square. The building is 
287 feet (87.5 m) high, including the Statue of 
Freedom on the dome. To assure its dominance of 
the skyline, building heights in the city are limited 
to 130 feet (39.6 m). On the surrounding gentle 
slopes, the offices of the Senate and House of Rep- 



resentatives, the Supreme Court building, and the 
Library of Congress have been built, and today 
"The Hill" stands for the vast concentration of 
Governmental power represented in tins small area. 
On the Capitol grounds, originally designed by 
landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, are lit- 
erally thousands of magnificent trees and shrubs. 
This richly rewarding area is, most conveniently, at 
the very doorstep of the National Visitor Center. 



NW NE 



CAPITOL HILL AND ENVIRONS 




CAPITOL HILL AND ENVIRONS (map page 5) 

1 . National Visitor Center (formerly Union Station), Massa- 
chusetts and Delaware Avenues, NE. Designed to welcome 
as many as 50,000 visitors a day, the Center, under the ju- 
risdiction of National Capital Parks, National Park Service 
provides a complete information and orientation service for 
all who come to the Nation's Capital. The National Visitor 
Center serves as host to the Nation and the Nation's host to 
the world. 

The Center, a registered historic building, is one of the 
grandest structures in the country. Designed in the manner 
of classic Roman architecture, some elements are adapted 
directly from the Baths of Diocletian, one of the greatest of 
the Roman public baths. Hundreds of carloads of granite 
were brought from quarries in Vermont to the building site 
here at the end of the railway line. In 1907 the building was 
completed and inaugurated as Union Station. 

Recently renovated to serve as the Visitor Center, the 
structure is more impressive than ever before. The grand 
concourse, which is the entry from the adjacent rail termin- 
al and public parking facility, is a breathtaking expanse of 
more than 98,000 square feet (9,000 sq m) of floor space 
under the uninterrupted sweep of the arched ceiling. This 
vast space was originally created to accommodate the heavy 
traffic during Presidential inaugurations when railroads 
were still a primary means of transportation. Dramatic ex- 
hibits here show highlights in the development of the Na- 
tion and the city. Lounges, information centers, and food 
service are also found in this area. In the adjoining space, 
formerly the main waiting room, a large open area below 
floor level accommodates a unique and exciting multi-pro- 
jector audio-visual presentation on a screen 100 feet (30.5 
m) across. There are also two small theaters that give con- 
tinuous showings of films for tourists. 

Colorful graphic symbols and directional signs through- 
out are designed for easy understanding. To further help 
foreign visitors, there is a multilingual service to provide 
special assistance in touring the city as well as the rest of 
the Nation. A national bookstore offers publications of 
many kinds, particularly those related to U.S. history and 
the Bicentennial. The Center also includes an international 
money exchange and a souvenir shop. 

In the Discover America Hall of States a regional align- 
ment of States, possessions, and territories offers prospec- 
tive visitors travel information and counseling. 

The Visitor Center is open daily from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m. 
The railroad station is open at all times. GD SH) ® 



&<;..■-»».; ;.-: 




Robert A. Taft's friends and admirers from all across the 
country contributed the funds to build this memorial 
tower. The tower's carillon of 27 bells is rung daily. 

2. City Post Office, Massachusetts Avenue and North Capi- 
tol Street, NW. This imposing building relates so pleasingly 
to the adjacent National Visitor Center because they were 
both designed by the same architect, Daniel H. Burnham. 
The relationship for tourists is practical as well. This is the 
only Washington post office open 24 hours a day the year 
around. fjT) 

3. Department of Labor, Constitution Avenue and 3rd 
Street, NW. A special permanent exhibit opens in the main 
lobby of this handsome Federal office building on Labor 
Day 1976. Featured, most appropriately, is a series of four 
murals that depict working people from the 17th century 
to the present. Open Monday-Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. 
Closed holidays. 

4. Robert A. Taft Memorial, Louisiana and Constitution 
Avenues, NW. This dignified, straightforward monument 
celebrates a man of renowned integrity, who in 1957 was 
chosen by a Senate committee as one of five outstanding 
Senators in our history, along with Clay, Webster, Calhoun, 
and the elder La Follette. The son of President William 
Howard Taft, the Senator was universally recognized as 
"Mr. Republican." His memorial is a 10-foot- (3-n>) high 
bronze statue backed by a 100-foot (30.5-m) tower with a 
27-bell carillon that rings daily at noon and 5:00 p.m., and 
at 2:00 p.m. on July 4. 



fjQ Food available in building (JJJ) Restrooms [^D Public Telephone 



5. U.S. Capitol 

Capitol Hill. 



-- *:>-j& p 



When the French architect and engineer Maj. Pierre L'En- 
fant first began to lay out the plans for a new Federal city, 
he noted that Jenkins' Hill, overlooking the area, seemed to 
be "a pedestal waiting for a monument." It was here that 
the Nation's greatest monument, the U.S. Capitol, would be 
built. The basic structure as we know it today evolved over 
a period of more than 150 years. In 1792 a competition 
was held for the design of a capitol building. Dr. William 
Thornton, a physician and amateur architect, submitted the 
winning plan, a simple, low-lying structure of classical pro- 
portions with a shallow dome. Later, internal modifications 
were made by Benjamin Henry Latrobe. After the building 
was burned by the British in 1814, Latrobe and architect 
Charles Bulfinch were responsible for its reconstruction. 
Finally, under Thomas Walter, who was Architect of the 
Capitol from 1851 to 1865, the House and Senate wings 

(continued) 



* ;. " -' ■ 







Northern wing of the Capitol (above) was completed in 
1800, when the "Federal City" was still a village sur- 
rounded by woods and swamps. The building was restored 
after being burned during the War of 1812, and gradually 
remodeled and extended until it was completed in 1962. 




5. U.S. Capitol (continued) 

and the imposing cast iron dome topped with the Statue of 
Freedom were added, and the Capitol assumed the form we 
see today. It was in the old Senate chamber that Daniel 
Webster cried out, "Liberty and Union, now and forever, 
one and inseparable!" In Statuary Hall, which used to be 
the old House chamber, a small disk on the floor marks the 
spot where John Quincy Adams was fatally stricken after 
more than 50 years of service to his country. A whisper 
from one side of this room can be heard across the vast 
space of the hall. Visitors can see the original Supreme 
Court chamber a floor below the Rotunda. 

In addition to its historical association, the Capitol 
Building is also a vast artistic treasure house. The works of 
such famous artists as Gilbert Stuart, Rembrandt Peale, and 
John Trumbull are displayed on the walls. The Great Ro- 



tunda, with its 180-foot- (54.9-m-) high dome, is decorated 
with a massive fresco by Constantino Brumidi, which ex- 
tends some 300 feet (90 m) in circumference. Throughout 
the building are many paintings of events in U.S. history 
and sculptures of outstanding Americans. The Capitol itself 
is situated on a 68-acre (27.5-ha) park designed by the 
19th-century landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. 
There are free guided tours of the Capitol, which include 
admission to the House and Senate galleries. Those who 
wish to visit the visitors' gallery in either wing without tak- 
ing the tour may obtain passes from their Senators or Con- 
gressmen. Visitors may ride on the monorail subway that 
joins the House and Senate wings of the Capitol with the 
Congressional office buildings. Open daily from 9 a.m. to 
4:30 p.m. Closed Tlianksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's 
Day. Tours start from the Rotunda every few minutes from 
9 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. CD HI © 

Roloc. Washington. 




Section of the Rotunda's great circular hall displays some 
of the Capitol's dazzling art treasures. Most famous are the 
huge paintings by John Trumbull, depicting highlights of 



America's early history. At one time an aide to Washington, 
Trumbull personally knew the leaders of the Revolution, 
and many of them posed for his various works. 



8 




Brumidi's fresco glorifying Washington arches high into the 
dome of the Rotunda. Some of its figures are 15 feet (4.6 
m) tall, but they appear life-sized from below. 



A fantasy of color is created by the birds, flowers, and me- 
dallion portraits that are a part of the frescoes along the 
Brumidi Corridor of the Senate wing of the Capitol. 




Declaration of Independence is presented by the drafting 
committee, led by Thomas Jefferson (in the red waistcoat). 
This is one of the eight paintings by Revolutionary artist 



John Trumbull that are displayed in the Rotunda. The 
10-ton (9.1-MT) bronze Columbus Doors to the Rotunda 
depict major events in the life of Christopher Columbus. 



CAPITOL HILL AND ENVIRONS (map page 5) 



6. U.S. Botanic Garden, Maryland Avenue between First 
and Second Streets, SW. This delightful national garden is a 
veritable jungle of foliage, with temperature and humidity 
to match. More than 8,000 different species and varieties of 
plants from all over the world are featured. The Botanic 
Garden was founded in 1820, and the first greenhouse was 
built in 1842 to accommodate the exotic botanical collec- 
tion brought back from an official U.S. exploratory expedi- 
tion to the South Seas. The Conservatory, which was con- 
structed at its present site in 1933, attracts more than 
300,000 visitors a year. Each of the great glass-enclosed 
rooms is temperature controlled to suit the requirements of 
its various collections. In the palm court the temperature 
never drops below 70° F (21.1° C). In addition to such spec- 
tacular permanent exhibits as the world-famous orchid col- 
lection, which each week displays more than 200 blooming 
varieties from its total of 10,000 plants, the Botanic Garden 
features a series of seasonal showings throughout the year. 
One cabbage palm literally touches the glass roof of the 
Conservatory, some 80 feet (24.4 m) above the ground. In a 









Tranquil beauty abounds in the U.S. Botanic Garden, where 
color and fragrance combine to lighten the heart, regardless 
of the season or which flowers are in bloom. 



park across the street is the ornate 1876 Centennial cast 
iron fountain conceived by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, the 
Frenchman who later designed the Statue of Liberty. Open 
daily from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Closed Christmas and New 
Year's Day. H © 

7. Ray burn House Office Building, Independence Avenue 
between First and South Capitol Streets, SW. Upon enter- 
ing the newest congressional building in Washington, you 
are greeted by a life-size bronze figure of the late Represen- 
tative Samuel T. "Mr. Sam" Rayburn, gavel in hand. The 
building is named for this Congressman from Texas, who 
served in the House continuously from 1913 until his death 
in 1961 and officiated as Speaker of the House for an un- 
precedented 15 years. The Rayburn Building, completed in 
1965, at a cost of more than $81 million, contains office 
suites for 169 of the 435 representatives in Congress, and 
committee hearing room facilities for 9 standing commit- 
tees and 16 subcommittees. It was designed by Roy Lamar. 
If you visit your Congressman, it will be in this or one of 
the two other buildings that are listed below. To make an 
appointment, call (202) 224-3121. Open Monday-Friday 
from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, and 
New Year's Day. QQ gffi © 

8. Longworth House Office Building, Independence Avenue 
between South Capitol Street and New Jersey Avenue, SW. 
This stately legislative office building is named after the dis- 
tinguished Representative Nicholas Longworth of Ohio, 
who served as Speaker of the House from 1925 to 1931. 
Opened in 1933, the Longworth Building contains 251 con- 
gressional suites and 16 committee hearing rooms. Open 
Monday-Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed Thanksgiving, 
Christmas, and New Year's Day. 00 fflfl © 

9. Cannon House Office Building, New Jersey and Indepen- 
dence Avenues, SE. The oldest Congressional office build- 
ing on Capitol Hill is named for Joseph G. Cannon of Illi- 
nois, who served in the House for nearly 50 years and was 
Speaker from 1903 to 1911. President Theodore Roosevelt 
officiated at the cornerstone-laying ceremony in 1905 and 
the building opened in 1908. At that time both Houses of 
Congress had essentially the same facilities. The Cannon 
Building is similar in design to that of the Senator Richard 
Brevard Russell Office Building, with a handsome rotunda 
supported by 18 Corinthian columns. In the rotunda there 



li) 



| Food available in building 5JJ Reslrooms {Q Public Telephone 




Palatial opulence prevails in the Great Hall of the Library of 
Congress, with its imposing statuary, vaulted ceiling, and 
floor inlaid with brass signs of the zodiac. 

are busts of outstanding Congressmen, including five former 
Speakers of the House. Because of their spacious accommo- 
dations, the suites in the Cannon Building were highly 
prized by Congressmen and were usually assigned only to 
the most senior Representatives. Open Monday-Friday from 
9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New 
Year's Day. QQ ffl) E) 

10. Library of Congress, 10 First Street, SE. Even the sim- 
ple statistics of the world's largest library are staggering. In 
two massive buildings the Library uses 35 acres (14.2 ha) 
of floor space and nearly 340 miles (547 km) of book- 
shelves to house more than 72 million library items in 183 
languages. A third structure, the James Madison Building, is 
under construction. The Library was established in 1800. It 
was burned by the British during the War of 1812, and 
started again in 1815 with about 6,500 volumes from 
Thomas Jefferson's personal collection. Originally designed 
as a research aid to Congress, the Library's facilities were 
later opened to scholars and the general public. In its exhi- 
bition halls are some of the most priceless treasures of U.S. 



history; Jefferson's first draft of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence and Lincoln's first two drafts of the Gettysburg 
Address are among them. The motion picture section of 
more than 180,000 reels includes the oldest known existing 
film, a three-second movie entitled Tfie Sneeze, made by 
Thomas Edison in 1894. It also includes prints from the 
first newsreel, showing President McKinley taking the oath 
of office in 1901. The map and atlas department contains 
more than 3.5 million items. Among them is Pierre L'En- 
fant's original design for Washington, as well as maps be- 
lieved to have been drawn up by Lewis and Clark during 
their expedition of 1804-06. The music section contains a 
wide sampling of U.S. musical heritage, including the scores 
for the music of Charles Ives as well as the recorded remi- 
niscences of the early days of New Orleans jazz by the great 
musician "Jelly Roll" Morton. While the Library is primarily 
an American facility, it also represents a vast international 
literary resource. It contains the largest collection of Rus- 
sian and Chinese books outside their respective countries, as 
well as one of the world's most significant collections of in- 
cunabula (books printed before 1501), including one of 
only three perfect copies of the Gutenberg Bible. 

The main Library building was constructed in 1897. In 
addition to being a repository of books, this florid Italian 
Renaissance building is an art gallery in its own right. The 
entire ornate structure is fitted out with rich architectural 
flourishes and works of art. Noteworthy are the bronze 
doors depicting various aspects of learning, Hinton Perry's 
fountain of King Neptune and his court (in front of the 
library), the Great Hall with its impressive colonnade of 
multicolored marble, the Main Reading Room under its 
magnificent dome, and outstanding examples of sculpture 
and paintings by the world's most distinguished artists. In 
addition to its permanent displays and changing exhibits, 
the Library regularly features special musical and literary 
events presented in the intimate setting of the Coolidge 
Auditorium. Visitors should consult the current "Calendar 
of Events" available at the Library and by mail upon re- 
quest. Exhibit halls open Monday-Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 
9:30 p.m.; Saturday, Sunday, and holidays from 8:30 a.m. 
to 6 p.m. Tfiomas Jefferson Building open Monday-Friday 
from 8:30 a.m. to 9:30 p.m., Saturday from 8:30 a.m. to 5 
p.m., Sunday from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. All Library buildings 
closed Christmas and New Year's Day. Continuous free 
guided tours Monday-Friday from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., Satur- 
day, Sunday and holidays from 9a.m. to 5 p.m. QQ gg) [Q 



11 



Mi. WILLIAM 



SHAKESPEARES 



COMEDIES, 
HISTORIES, & 
TRAGEDIES. 





Among the Folger Shakespeare Library's extensive collec- 
tion of rare books are a number of copies of the coveted 
First Folio edition of Shakespeare's plays. The library also 

11. Folger Shakespeare Library, 201 East Capitol Street, 
SE. Both an institution for scholarly research and a public 
exhibit hall, the Folger contains one of the world's finest 
collections of rare books and manuscripts relating to the 
Renaissance and the life of William Shakespeare. In addi- 
tion, there is a full-scale re-creation of an Elizabethan thea- 
ter, which helps you to visualize the first Shakespearean 
productions. Poetry readings, concerts, and plays of works 
by Renaissance and modern authors and composers are pre- 
sented here. Visitors can see a scale model of the Globe 
Theater and changing exhibits of the early Quarto and 
Folio editions of Shakespeare's works and other rare books. 
The building, with nine bas-reliefs on the front depicting 
scenes from Shakespeare's plays, is, in itself, an introduc- 
tion to the period. Special tours are offered every Monday 
at 1 and 2 p.m. Open Monday -Saturday all year and Sun- 
days between April 15 and Labor Day from 10 a.m. to 4:30 
p.m. Closed Federal holidays. (38 

12. Supreme Court of the United States, / First Street, NE. 
"The Republic endures and this is the symbol of its faith," 
said Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes as he laid the cor- 
nerstone for this living monument to equal justice under 
the law. Strangely, considering its status as one of the three 
coequal branches of the Federal Government, The Supreme 
Court was forced to work in makeshift quarters for the first 



features a full-size theater in the same style as those in Eliz- 
abethan England, including an inner stage, a balcony, and a 
trap door, called "the heavens," used for special effects. 

145 years of its existence, and did not move into perma- 
nent offices until the Court building was completed in 
1935. The white marble structure, designed in the classic 
style by Cass Gilbert, recalls a Greek temple surrounded by 
Corinthian columns. A sculptured pediment represents 
"Liberty Enthroned" guarded by Order and Authority. 

Entering the building from the west side, visitors walk 
through a pair of huge bronze doors that weigh more than 6 
tons each (5.4 MT). The sculptured panels in these gigantic 
doors, designed by John Donnelly, Jr., depict historic 
scenes in the development of law. The courtroom itself is 
the principal attraction. Flanked by Ionic columns, the 
room is considered by many authorities on architecture to 
be the most impressive single public room in the United 
States. The Court is in session intermittently from October 
through June, and most opinions are handed down on Mon- 
day. Limited seating is available to the public on a first- 
come-first-served basis. Open Monday-Friday, except holi- 
days, from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. There are short courtroom 
presentations every half hour from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., ex- 
cept when Court is in session (about six days a month). 
TJien, they are given only at 3:30 and 4 p.m. Q3 (3D O 

13. Museum of African Art, 316-318 A Street, NE. The 
only museum in the United States devoted entirely to 
showing the heritage of African art is housed in the first 



12 



I Food available in building 5JJ| Restiooms (2 Public Telephone 



CAPITOL HILL AND ENVIRONS (map page 5) 



Washington residence of Frederick Douglass, an escaped 
slave who became one of the Nation's leading abolitionists. 
Twelve galleries contain displays from the museum's im- 
pressive collection of some 5,000 objects, including textiles, 
jewelry, and musical instruments, as well as sculpture in 
wood, brass, iron, ivory, and gold. Superb color panels and 
audio-visual presentations of the African environment by 
Life photographer Eliot Elisofon supplement the art. 

A special exhibit illustrates the influence of African 
sculpture on modern Western art. One room commemorates 
the life and times of Douglass, with documents, photo- 
graphs, furniture, and memorabilia of his career. For visi- 
ting groups the Museum conducts orientation programs in 
African culture and history. The Museum's Boutique Africa 
carries a rich array of imported items. Open Monday-Friday 
from 11 a.m to 5 p.m., Saturday and Sunday from noon to 
5 p.m. Admission by voluntary contribution, (flj) {Q 

14. Veterans of Foreign Wars of the U.S. Memorial Build- 
ing, 200 Maryland Avenue, NE. Dedicated to those in the 
Armed Forces who fought for their country, the VFW 
headquarters features the only statue in Washington com- 
memorating America's veterans of all wars in every branch 
of the service. The 38-foot (11.6-m) memorial includes 12 
bronze panels depicting events from all major conflicts. In 
the lobby is an illuminated stained glass memorial to those 
who fell in battle. Open Monday-Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 
4:30 p.m. Closed Federal holidays. ID (3 



15. Everett McKinley Dirksen Office Building (Senate), 

First Street and Constitution Avenue, NE. A simple, func- 
tional structure built in 1958, this is the second of two Sen- 
ate office buildings. A bronze plaque in the entryway com- 
memorates the popular and influential Senator Dirksen, 
after whom the building was named. Dirksen served in Con- 
gress for 36 years, first as a Representative, then as a Sena- 
tor. He was Senate minority leader from 1959 until his 
death in 1969. 

To make an appointment to see your Senator, you can 
call (202) 224-3121. Open Monday-Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 
p.m. Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day. 

16. Richard Brevard Russell Office Building (Senate), Dela- 
ware and Constitution Avenues, NE. This, the first of the 
major office buildings designed exclusively for use by mem- 
bers of the Senate, was completed in 1909. For years it was 
known in Washington simply as the old Senate Office Build- 
ing. Highlight of the design is an attractive small rotunda 
just inside the corner entry, featuring 18 Corinthian 
columns crowned by a cream, blue, and red coffered dome 
with a skylight at the top. Halls leading to Senators' offices 
radiate from the rotunda. In 1972 the Senate passed a reso- 
lution naming the building after the distinguished Demo- 
cratic Senator from Georgia. Open Monday-Friday from 9 
a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New 
Year's Day. ®mS) 



m. 




"Equal Justice Under Law" is 

carved at the base of the pedi- 
ment above the entrance to 
the Supreme Court building. 
Above the legend is a frieze 
by Robert Aitken, showing 
Liberty Enthroned being 
guarded by Order and Au- 
thority and flanked by Re- 
search and Council. Beside 
the steps is a statue by James 
Earle Fraser representing the 
Con temptation of Justice. 

A brooding presence ema- 
nates from this helmet mask 
worn by the /bo people of Ni- 
geria. This is but one of many 
outstanding artifacts at the 
Museum of African Art, 




13 





LflU AFTERNUUN 

14 



THE MALL 



The grandeur of the original plan for the Federal 
City by Pierre L'Enfant was most dramatically ex- 
pressed by the "Grand Avenue" that would extend 
from the Capitol to the Potomac. In the rapid 
growth of the city during its first century, this pro- 
posed open space was all but obliterated. But in 
1902 the McMillan Commission— a distinguished 
panel of two architects, a landscape architect, and 



a sculptor- reported that the original concept was 
excellent and that "departures from that plan are 
to be regretted and wherever possible remedied." 
Today there is a majestic sweep of more than 2 
miles (3.2 km) from the Capitol to the Lincoln 
Memorial. Automobile traffic is banned on most of 
the Mall area. Pedestrians and bicyclists now set 
the pace on the greensward here. 




EAMY MORNING 

15 



THE MALL (map pages 14-15) 



1. Department of State, 2201 C Street, NW. Dedicated in 
1961, this large modern structure brings under one roof the 
7,000 employees of the Department of State, the Agency 
for International Development, and the U.S. Arms Control 
and Disarmament Agency. On the eighth floor are a series 
of diplomatic reception rooms which contain one of the 
finest collections of 18th- and early- 19th-century American 
furniture, paintings, and decorative art to be found any- 
where in the country. The long gallery entrance to the John 
Quincy Adams State Drawing Room, for example, is de- 
signed in the manner of an 18th-century Philadelphia home, 
and furnished with excellent examples of American Chip- 
pendale. The drawing room itself contains the desk at 



which John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay 
signed the Treaty of Paris in 1783, bringing the American 
Revolution to a close. The terrace adjoining the reception 
rooms provides a spectacular view of the Washington sky- 
line. The reception rooms are used for official State Depart- 
ment functions, but when not in use they are open by spe- 
cial arrangement. During the Bicentennial they will be open 
to the public. Call the Tour Office at (202) 632-3241 for 
times. Tlie State Department also offers timely foreign poli- 
cy briefings for the public every Tuesday and Friday at 
9:30 a.m. in the East Auditorium. Reservations for the 
briefing sessions may be made by calling (202) 632-2406. 
Open by reservation only, Monday- Friday. S8 © 




A silent witness to the signing of the Treaty 
of Paris and the birth of American indepen- 
dence, this Sheraton tambour desk now 
graces the John Quincy Adams drawing 
room, both left and right above, in the De- 
partment of State. With the desk of beauti- 
fully mellowed wood, leather, and brass is a 
French Empire chair that has a hiding place 
for papers under its hinged seat. The ghost- 



K, 



fj} Food available in building (JJj Restrooms (X] Public Telephone 




like painting above the mantel depicts the 
signing of the Treaty of Paris. British repre- 
sentatives refused to pose and artist Benja- 
min West was unable to finish the canvas. 
The room 's elegance is further enhanced by 
Heriz rugs, a mahogany floor, and the best 
of American furniture in the style of Chip- 
pendale. Lower right is a rare Chinese export 
platter, circa 1800. 




2. Lincoln Memorial 
Foot of 23rd Street, NW. 

Few, if any, memorials in the world so successfully evoke 
the spirit of their subject. The classic white marble struc- 
ture, designed by Henry Bacon in the style of a Greek tem- 
ple, sits gracefully at the west end of the Mall and balances 
the Capitol at the other end. It exemplifies the solidarity of. 
the Union. The 36 marble columns represent the States of 
the Union at the time of Lincoln's death, and the names of 
these states are carved on the frieze above the columns. The 
names of the 48 States in the Union when the memorial 
was completed in 1922 are carved on the walls above the 
frieze. Simply to mount the steps and enter the spacious 
chamber is to feel an overwhelming sense of awe at the he- 
roic figure of the seated Lincoln. The sculptor, Daniel Ches- 
ter French, has fixed forever the stern majesty of the 
thoughtful man who, with such integrity, faced the most 
difficult problems in U.S. history. Carved on the walls are 
the imperishable words of his Gettysburg Address and sec- 
ond Inaugural Address. The memorial is particularly inspir- 
ing at night, when it seems to glow with an inner fire. A 
National Park Service guide is available for free five-minute 
tours daily, except Christmas, from 8 a.m. to midnight. 
There are also special tours for the blind. 5E) © 



A white marble neoclassical building enshrines Daniel C. 
French's imposing statue of Lincoln. The sculpture is com- 
manding, but not forbidding, and although made of marble, 
it seems infused with life. 




THE MALL (map pages 14-15) 



3. Constitution Gardens, Bounded by Constitution Avenue, 
17th Street, Bacon Drive, and the Lincoln Memorial Re- 
flecting Pool, NW. This 45-acre (18.2-ha) park, for years 
usurped by World War II "Tempos" (temporary Govern- 
ment buildings), has been restored to traditional park use 
and offers a pleasant expanse for strolling, informal recrea- 
tion, and the presentation of outdoor cultural programs. 
There are approximately 2 miles (3.2 lcm) of walkways and 
bicycle paths throughout the gardens. The principal attrac- 
tion is a 6-acre (2.4-ha) lake with an island reached by a 
foot bridge. A nearby area has a raised platform for special 
events and programs. Always open. Food kiosk and rest- 
rooms at the west end of the reflecting pool. GD SB) E 

4. Festival of American Folklife, The National Mall, 17th 
through 23d Streets on Independence Avenue, NW. This 
special open-air program features display tents, exhibits, 



and programs depicting various folkcrafts, foods, and musi- 
cal performances that illustrate America's grassroots heri- 
tage. Sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and the Na- 
tional Park Service, the festival is a major event each sum- 
mer. Authentic folkcraft objects and traditional foods 
brought to America by immigrants from around the world 
can be purchased. Open daily from June 16-Labor Day in 
1976 and for two weeks around July 4 thereafter. Crafts 
area open from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Musical performances 
from 11 a.m. to 8p.m. GD GE) © 

6. Sylvan Theatre, Corner of 15th Street and Independence 
Avenue, SW. This open-air stage set up on a grassy knoll in 
sight of the Washington Monument is used for events rang- 
ing from productions of Shakespearean plays to political 
demonstrations. In honor of the Bicentennial a season of 
American musical entertainment is being presented here 



5. Washington Monument 

J 5th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW. 

Construction of this magnificent monument, which draws 
some two million visitors a year, took nearly a century of 
planning, building, and controversy. Provision for a large 
equestrian statue of George Washington was made in the 
original city plan, but the project was soon dropped. After 
Washington's death it was taken up again, and a number of 
false starts and changes of design were made. Finally, in 
1848, work was begun on the monument that stands today. 
The design, by architect Robert Mills, then featured an or- 
nate base. In 1854, however, political squabbling and a lack 
of money brought construction to a halt. Work was re- 
sumed in 1880, and the monument was completed in 1884 
and opened to the public in 1888. The tapered shaft, faced 
with white marble and rising from walls 15 feet thick (4.6 m) 
at the base was modeled after the obelisks of ancient Egypt. 
The monument, one of the tallest masonry constructions in 
the world, standsjust over 555 feet (169 m). Memorial stones 
from the 50 States, foreign countries, and organizations line 
the interior walls. The top, reached only by elevator, com- 
mands a panoramic view of the city. Open daily from 8 
a.m. to midnight, March 21 -Labor Day, and from 9 a.m. to 
5 p.m. the rest of the year. Closed Christmas. Tickets are 
obtained from booths on the Ellipse. 




June 14-September 6, 1976. Tlie shows, which last approxi- 
mately 80-90 minutes, are given daily except Monday, be- 
ginning just before sundown. 08 

7. Bureau of Engraving and Printing, 14th and C Streets, 
SW. Operated by the Department of the Treasury, the Bu- 
reau of Engraving opened in 1862 in a basement room of 
the Department, where four women and two men sorted 
the $1 and $2 bills printed by commercial banks. Today the 
Bureau employs more than 3,000 persons in a two-building 
complex that takes up 25 acres (10 ha) of office floor 
space. Along with its primary responsibility for designing, 
engraving, and printing U.S. paper currency (more than $12 
billion worth a year) and postage stamps, the Bureau also 
prints some 800 items, including Treasury bonds, customs 
stamps, and food coupons. The steel plates (dies) from 
which our paper money is printed are also engraved here by 



master craftsmen. Continous self-guiding walk-through 
tours Monday-Friday from 8 to 11:30 a.m. and from 12:30 
to 2:00 p.m. Closed holidays. H © 

8. U.S. Department of Agriculture, 14th Street and Inde- 
pendence Avenue, SW. Established in 1862 by President 
Lincoln "to acquire and to diffuse among the people of the 
United States useful information on subjects connected 
with agriculture in the most general and comprehensive 
sense of the word," the Department of Agriculture has 
grown into a vast national agency involved in all aspects of 
American agricultural life, from forestry to international 
produce marketing. There is an agricultural publications 
and public information center in the main patio. A small 
theater offers continuous showings of current agricultural 
films. Open Monday-Friday from 8:15 a.m. to 5 p.m. 
Closed holidays. 




Rewarding views, for photog- 
raphers in particular, are 
found at the end of a 70- 
second elevator ride to the 
top of the Washington Monu- 
ment. Looking north from 
this lofty vantage point, one 
sees the White House, with a 
sweep of green that is known 
as the Ellipse. To the east, the 
Mall extends all the way to 
the Capitol. Toward the west 
is the Lincoln Memorial and 
the Reflecting Pool, and to 
the south can be seen the Jef- 
ferson Memorial at the edge 
of the Tidal Basin. 





19 



THE MALL (map pages 14-15) 



9. Smithsonian Institution, 1000 Jefferson Drive, SW. This 
sprawling museum and research center complex was created 
by one of the strangest bequests in American history. In 
1826 James Smithson, a distinguished English chemist who 
had never been to America, bequeathed his entire fortune 
of $500,000 for "an establishment for the increase and dif- 
fusion of knowledge among men" to be named the Smith- 
sonian Institution and to be located in Washington, D.C. 
James Smithson's legacy has since grown into an unparal- 
leled research facility for investigating the natural sciences 
together with a museum collection so vast that less than 1 
percent of its millions of catalogued items can be put on 
display at any one time in its 1 1 separate museums and gal- 
leries. In addition to an extensive program of research car- 
ried on worldwide, the Smithsonian administers the Arts 
and Industries Building, the Freer Gallery of Art, the Hirsh- 
horn Museum and Sculpture Garden, the National Air and 
Space Museum, the National Museum of History and Tech- 
nology, and the National Museum of Natural History (all 
situated close to the main building), the nearby National 
Portrait Gallery, the National Collection of Fine Arts, and 
the Renwick Gallery, the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum 
in southeast Washington, and the Cooper-Hewitt Museum 
of Decorative Arts and Design in New York City. The Na- 
tional Zoological Park is also a part of the Institution. The 
Smithsonian Institution Building, known as the "Castle on 
the Mall," was designed by James Renwick and completed 
in 1855. The turreted towered structure, the original muse- 
um, is now primarily the administrative headquarters for 
the Smithsonian complex, and houses the visitors' informa- 
tion center. The Great Hall features a special Bicentennial 
exhibition, depicting the architectural history of the Na- 
tional Mall from 1776 to the present day. Open daily from 
10a.ni to 5:30 p.m. Closed Christmas, gffi © 

10. Freer Gallery of Art, 12th Street and Jefferson Drive, 
SW. In 1900 Charles L. Freer, a Detroit industrialist, retired 
to dedicate his life to collecting Oriental art. At his death in 
1919 he had amassed the finest private collection of Far 
and Near Eastern art outside the Orient. He bequeathed Iris 
extraordinary collection to the United States, along with 
funds to construct a proper museum setting for it. Today 
the Freer Gallery of Art is one of the most exquisite places 
in the Capital, accurately demonstrating the trained con- 
noisseur's eye of the original owner. Its rooms are filled 
with Oriental porcelains, delicate Japanese screens, Persian 



miniatures and metalwork, Egyptian gold from the treasure 
troves of the Pharaohs, Chinese paintings, Near Eastern 
painted manuscripts, and Chinese bronzes dating as far back 
as the 12th century B.C. Mr. Freer was also a patron of 
such American artists as Winslow Homer, John Singer Sar- 
gent, and Childe Hassam, and he gathered one of the 
world's largest collections of works by his friend James 
Whistler. Whistler's famous Peacock Room, originally de- 
signed as a dining room, is a spectacular highlight. Open 
daily from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Group tours available by 
appointment, Monday-Friday. Closed Christmas. 5H) O 

11. Arts and Industries Building, 900 Jefferson Drive, SW. 
Originally constructed to house items acquired by the 
Smithsonian from the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Phila- 
delphia, the Arts and Industries Building first saw service as 
the site of President James A. Garfield's Inaugural Ball in 
1881. The structure has recently been restored as closely as 
feasible to its original appearance and reopened for the Bi- 
centennial on May 10, 1976, with a special re-creation of 
the Philadelphia Exposition of 100 years ago. Displays in- 
clude objects that were actually shown at that time and 
other pieces appropriate to the period. Open daily from 10 
a.m. to 5:30 p.m. (Hours will be extended into the evening 
during the summer. J Closed Christmas. 5E) (Cj 

1 2. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Indepen- 
dence Avenue at 8th Street, SW. Joseph H. Hirshhorn, a 
self-made millionaire, financier, and industrialist, donated 
his entire superb collection of more than 6,000 19th- and 
20th-century paintings and sculptures to the country in 
1966. Housed in a modern circular structure designed by 
Gordon Bunshaft, the collection is international in scope. 
American painting is represented by such painters as Thom- 
as Eakins and Winslow Homer, and the later works of such 
men as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, 
and Frank Stella. European artists, including Pablo Picasso, 
Fernand Leger, and Alberto Giacometti are also represent- 
ed. The Sculpture Garden, located to the north across Jef- 
ferson Drive, contains the museum's collection of monu- 
mental sculpture, including "Balzac" and "The Burghers of 
Calais" by Auguste Rodin and "The Backs" by Henri Ma- 
tisse. Open daily from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m., April 1 -Labor 
Day, and from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. the rest of the year. 
Closed Christmas. Light refreshments are served in the out- 
door cafe during the spring and summer. 8E) (2 



20 



I Food available in building 5JJ) Restrooms (Q Public Telephone 




Cone-shaped Apollo 1 1 com- 
mand module splashed down 
safely July 14, 1969, bringing 
home Neil A. Armstrong and 
Col. Edwin E. Aldrin, first 
men to walk on the moon. 



13. National Air and Space Museum 

Independence Avenue from 4th to 7th Streets, SW. 



In 1903 this "Wright Flyer," with a 12-horsepower engine, 
bore Orville Wright nearly 200 feet (61 m) in 12 seconds. It 
was the first controlled flight in a heavier-than-air machine. 



Opening on July 4, 1976, the impressive new Air and Space 
Museum is the most recent addition to the Smithsonian 
complex. The building, designed by Hellmuth, Obata and 
Kassabaum, has vast interior spaces and lofty ceilings for 
the proper dramatic display of aircraft. In the Milestones of 
Flight Gallery visitors will be able to see the plane the 
Wright brothers first flew at Kitty Hawk in 1903; Charles 
Lindbergh's Spirit of St. Louis; the X-l , the first airplane to 
break the sound barrier; and the Apollo 1 1 command mod- 
ule. Also on display is a full-sized walk-through model of 
the Skylab orbital workshop. The new museum has a large- 
screen movie theater in which visitors can take a coast-to- 
coast tour of America from 1776 to the present, and a 
novel spacearium— a sophisticated planetarium— that traces 
through history the scientific revolutions that have altered 
our concept of the universe. Open daily from 10 a.m. to 
5:30 p.m. Extended summer hours. Closed Christmas. The 
museum is free, but there will be a nominal charge for pres- 
entations in the theater and spacearium. OD SB) (2 




Spectacular glass and marble building of the National Air 
and Space Museum covers almost three city blocks and con- 
trasts with the classic beauty of the Capitol nearby. 



21 



THE MALL (map pages 14-15) 



14. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 

200 Independence Avenue, SW. Established in 1953, the 
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) is 
one of the largest cabinet-level agencies within the Govern- 
ment. A special Bicentennial exposition depicts the role 
HEW plays in the lives of Americans. Additionally, a small 
theater will show HEW films and a multimedia presentation 
on volunteerism in America. HEW offices open Monday- 
Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. Exhibits open Monday- 
Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. For guided tours and group 
reservations call (202) 245-7187. SB) 



16. U.S. Court House, 3rd Street and Constitution Avenue, 
NW. Visitors' seating for civil and criminal court trials is on 
a first-come-first-served basis. Considerable litigation of na- 
tional significance is handled in these chambers. The civil 
and criminal Watergate cases, for example, were heard here. 
Open Monday-Friday from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed holi- 
days. 03 d® 

17. Federal Bureau of Investigation, /. Edgar Hoover FBI 
Building, E Street between 9th and I Oth Streets, NW. Long 
one of the most popular tourist attractions in Washington, 



15. National Gallery of Art 

6th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW. 

Made possible by a gift from Andrew W. Mellon, financier 
and former Secretary of the Treasury, the National Gallery 
houses one of the world's outstanding collections of West- 
ern art from the 13th century to the present, including the 
only generally acknowledged painting in the Western Hem- 
isphere by Leonardo da Vinci. Mr. Mellon's unprecedented 
gift to the United States consisted of 152 masterpieces of 
painting and sculpture from his own collection, as well as 
funds to cover the costs of constructing the opulent marble 
gallery that houses them. Today the National Gallery offers 
the most comprehensive survey of Italian painting and 



sculpture in North America. The works of Rembrandt and 
the French impressionists are also well represented; and the 
American collection has outstanding portraits by such mas- 
ters as John Singleton Copley, Gilbert Stuart, and Rem- 
brandt Peale. The Gallery offers tours, lectures, and films 
throughout the year, as well as weekly concerts from Sep- 
tember through June. Consult the montldy calendar of 
events for specific information. The East Budding, designed 
by I. M. Pei, is under construction. The first part to open- 
the connecting link between the two buildings— will have 
restaurant facdities ready by the summer of 1976. Open 
Monday -Saturday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., and Sunday from 
noon to 9 p.m. During the summer open nightly until 9 
p.m. Closed Christmas and New Year's Day. CH3 5H) SD 



Winsiow Homer spent two 
years completing "Breezing 
Up," the first of his major 
works of the sea. A combat 
artist during the Civil War, 
Homer's realistic illustrations 
of day-to-day camp life won 
him a large following. Later 
he studied oil painting in Par- 
is. Expressing his artistic- 
viewpoint, the Massachusetts- 
born Homer once said, "I 
paint it exactly as it appears. " 



22 




the FBI has recently opened its spacious new quarters. Visi- 
tors—some 5,000 can be accommodated daily— see dramatic 
presentations of some of the FBI's most famous cases and 
exhibits illustrating the FBI's past and current investigative 
activities in such matters as espionage, bank robbery, extor- 
tion, and organized crime. Also illustrated is the use of 
computers in identifying fingerprints and in the operation 
of the National Crime Information Center. The tour in- 
cludes a look-in on the world-famous FBI laboratory and a 
firearms demonstration. Open Monday -Friday from 9 a.m. 
to 4 p.m. Closed holidays, \jfi\ (2 



18. U.S. Department of Justice, Constitution Avenue be- 
tween 9th and 10th Streets, NW. This imposing structure of 
buff limestone and granite, completed in 1935, houses the 
judicial activities of the Government under the supervision 
of the Attorney General. Not open to the public. 

19. National Archives and Records Service, 8th Street and 
Constitution Avenue, NW. As early as Thomas Jefferson's 
administration, the Government began to worry about a 
permanent depository for the Nation's most precious docu- 
ments. But it was not until 1934 that a proper structure 





This breathtaking sampling of masterpieces from the Na- 
tional Gallery shows clockwise from left: Leonardo da Vin- 
ci's "Ginevra de'Benci"; the vivaciously atmospheric 
"Square of St. Mark's" by Giovanni Canaletto; the glowing- 
ly colorful, delicately detailed "A Girl With a Watering 
Can" by Auguste Renoir; and the sensitive, understanding 
portrayal of "The Lovers" by Pablo Picasso. 




THE MALL (map pages 14-15) 




The National Archives houses documents and records dat- 
ing back to 1 716. The Rotunda (above) contains the origin- 
al Declaration of Independence and other historic papers. 

was built. Designed on a grand scale by John Russell Pope, 
the Archives Building is surrounded by 72 massive Corinthi- 
an columns each of which is 52 feet (15.8 m) high, weighs 
95 tons (86 MT), and is fronted by a pair of bronze en- 
trance doors 40 feet (12 m) high. The building houses both 
research facilities, available to everyone interested in the 
Nation's heritage, and displays of some of the most vital 
documents in the formulation of the United States, includ- 
ing the original copies of the Declaration of Independence, 
the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. Guided tours are 
available upon request, but reservations must be made by 
telephone or mail at least two weeks in advance. Hours 
from the first Monday in October to the first Sunday in 
March are: Monday -Saturday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and 
Sunday from 1 to 6 p.m. Tlie rest of the year: Monday- 
Saturday from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. and Sunday from 1 to 10 
p.m. Exhibition hall closed Christmas and New Year's Day: 
research rooms closed all Federal holidays. 55) 

20. National Sculpture Garden, 9th Street and Madison 
Drive, SW. This pleasant outdoor recreation area is used as 
an ice-skating rink during the winter (skates can be rented), 
and as a pond for model sailboats during the summer. Open 
Monday-Friday from 11:15 a.m. to 9:15 p.m. Weekends 
and holidays from 9:15 a.m. to 10:05 p.m. 00 5B) (3 




Largest modern land animal ever recorded, this Afri- 
can bush elephant is 13 feet, 2 inches (4 mj high at 
the shoulder. It was taken in Angola in 1955. 




This blue whale is a full-sized fiberglass reproduction 
of the 92-foot-long (28-m), 135-ton (122.4-MT) origi- 
nal that was caught in the South Atlantic. 



24 



I Food available in building 5U Restrooms (X] Public Telephone 



21. Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History 

10th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW. 



Only one of the Smithsonian's museums could boast of hav- 
ing both the world's most famous precious stone and the 
largest known African elephant in its collection. As impres- 
sive as they are, the 45.5-carat Hope Diamond and the 8- 
ton (7.3-MT) Angolan elephant that stands triumphantly in 
the main rotunda are just a sample of the breathtaking 
array of objects on display. Equally impressive are the Star 
of Asia sapphire (the museum has one of the world's finest 
collections of gems and minerals) and a 92-foot (28-m) life- 
sized fiberglass model of a blue whale, which took two 
years to construct. The Natural History Museum is a major 
research center for the study of plants, animals, fossil or- 
ganisms, terrestrial and extraterrestrial rocks, and of man 
himself. Behind the scenes in this building more than 100 
scientists busily pursue important research projects. Spread 
out over more than 20 acres (8 ha) of floor space, the muse- 
um can still display only about 1 percent of its collection of 



more than 60 million items at any one time. Even so, the 
museum's displays are among the finest available anywhere. 
A particular favorite of young visitors is the Hall of Dino- 
saurs, with its magnificent reconstructions of the giant pre- 
historic creatures, and the Hall of Mammals, in which hun- 
dreds of animals are displayed in settings that reflect their 
natural surroundings. The Hall of Physical Anthropology, 
on the second floor, shows the development of man from 
his first, emeigence on earth. Also in the museum are exten- 
sive realistic exhibits relating to cultures from all over the 
world. Here visitors can learn about prehistoric peoples of 
North America, pre-Columbian civilizations of Mexico, Cen- 
tral and South America, as v/ell as modern-day people of 
Asia, Africa, and the Pacific. Special tours can be arranged 
by calling (202) 381-6264. Open daily from 10 a.m. to 
5:30 p.m. Extended evening hours during summer. Closed 
Christmas. OD 08 © 





Sapphire blue in color, the 
fabulous 45.5-carat Hope dia- 
mond (above) was purchased 
in 1830 by an English banker, 
Henry Philip Hope, for 
$90,000. It is believed to be 
the recut "French Blue," a 
67-carat stone, once part of 
the French crown jewels. 

Towering over other fossils in 
this hall, the skeleton of this 
diplodocus, which roamed 
the Utah area eons ago, meas- 
ures 80 feet (24.4 m). 



25 




This flag inspired Francis Scott Key to write "The Star- 
Spangled Banner" when he saw it flying over Fort McHen- 
ry, Baltimore, during an attack by the British fleet in 1814. 



22. National Museum of History and Technology, 

1 4th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW. 

This is one of Washington's liveliest museums. It features, 
among other things, working models of machinery, an actu- 
al locomotive, complete with sound effects, and demonstra- 
tions of spinning wheels and antique musical instruments. 
Designed to tell the story of America and its inventive gen- 
ius, the museum is a treasure house of some of the coun- 
try's most important inventions, including Eli Whitney's 
cotton gin, Elias Howe's sewing machine, and Thomas Edi- 
son's phonograph. Special exhibits include a gallery of 
gowns worn by First Ladies and Presidential hostesses, 
George Washington's false teeth, the flag that inspired "The 
Star-Spangled Banner," and coins and postage stamps. In 
all, there are more than 17 million objects in the museum. 
Although primarily an exhibition of American history and 
technology, one of the prize attractions is a pendulum as 
used by the French physicist Jean Foucault to prove the 
theory of the earth's rotation. A Nation of Nations, a major 
Bicentennial exhibit, and one of the largest ever produced 
by the Smithsonian, demonstrates how immigrants of var- 
ied backgrounds settled in America and formed a new soci- 
ety, incorporating different cultures while retaining their 
ethnic heritages. Open daily April 1 to September 1 from 
10 a.m to 9 p.m., during the rest of the year from 10 a.m. 
to 5:30 p.m. Closed Christmas. Qj (H (3 




In 1918, 100 of these stamps 
were incorrectly printed with 
the airplane upside down. 
Their value since has jumped 
from 24$ to between $45,000 
and $55,000 apiece. 

Original Trans-Lux Theater 

opened in 1931 and showed 
only newsreels and short fea- 
tures. Visitors to this mini- 
reproduction can view these 
period films today. 

26 






Mannequins of First Ladies (above), many dressed in Inaugural Ball gowns, are displayed in 
authentic reproductions of rooms in the White House. The painted wooden Indian squaw 
(left) was originally used as an outside advertisement for a tobacco store. 




Steam locomotive was built in 1926 for the Southern Rail- 
way. Conestoga freight wagon, drawn by six horses, was 
used on Lancaster Road, Pennsylvania, in the 1840's. Model 
T Ford of 1913 cost about $325 when new. 





THE 

WHITE HOUSE 

AREA 



George Washington and Pierre L'Enfant, who se- 
lected the site for the President's House in 1791, 
decided on a gentle rise about a mile from the Cap- 
itol. They envisioned a broad esplanade connecting 
the two. What they planned is now Pennsylvania 
Avenue, and it connects the seat of the Executive 
branch with the Legislative and Judicial branches 
of the Government on Capitol Hill. It also serves as 
the Nation's ceremonial thoroughfare. 



Surrounding the White House today is a melange 
of museums, parks, townhouses, and Government 
buildings that makes this one of the most varied 
and interesting environs in the city. The photo- 
graph below was taken from the top of the Wash- 
ington Monument. It reveals how the trees, foun- 
tains, and wide expanse of lawn give the home of 
our Presidents a peaceful, residential setting in the 
midst of the bustling capital of our Nation. 




28 



THE WHITE HOUSE AREA 




LATE AFTERNOON 



EARLY MORNING 




The south facade features a columned portico and the balcony added by President Truman during the 1 948-52 renovation. 



1 . The White House 

1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW. 

The official residence of every American President except 
George Washington, the White House was first occupied in 
the autumn of 1800 by President John Adams, who was 
soon joined by his wife, Abigail. The house was still largely 
unfinished— in fact, so much so that the First Lady used 
what would be the East Room for drying clothes. Thomas 
Jefferson, the first President to serve his full tenure in the 
White House, had the East and West Wings added for such 
household "offices" as a smokehouse and laundry. 

The original architect, James Hoban, working largely un- 
der President George Washington's direction in the 1790's, 
had designed the mansion in the style of country houses in 
his native Ireland. That White House was burned by the 
British Army during the War of 1812 and after the war Ho- 
ban was employed to rebuild the mansion within the surviv- 
ing outer walls to symbolize the triumph of the American 
Nation. The house was further modified under various oth- 
er architects, and in 1829— early in Andrew Jackson's ad- 



ministration—the North Portico was finished. The East and 
West Wings were extended several times in the 20th cen- 
tury, and President Harry S. Truman had a balcony added 
to the South Portico for the convenience of the private 
family quarters, which are upstairs. Aside from these 
changes, since the time of President Jackson the exterior of 
the White House has looked much as we see it today. 

The interior is quite a different matter. Wear and tear are 
facts of life in the White House, and there is need for con- 
stant redecoration. Thus, each President has had some ef- 
fect on the interior design. The State rooms consist of three 
lofty and elegant parlors flanked by the large East Room on 
one end and the State Dining Room on the other. These 
two chambers have not been changed much since 1902, 
when they were completely remodeled for President Theo- 
dore Roosevelt by the New York architectural firm of 
McKim, Mead & White. The three parlors— the Green 
Room, the Red Room, and the oval Blue Room— have been 
changed repeatedly. But, following precedents established in 
the John F. Kennedy redecoration of the early 1960's, they 
now feature superb American antiques. 



30 




This 1796 portrait of Wash- 
ington, painted by Gilbert 
Stuart, was saved by Dolley 
Madison just before the Brit- 
ish burned the White House. 




Watered-silk the eolor of 
moss covers the walls in the 
Green Room. Once a dining 
room, it is now used for for- 
mal receptions. A portrait of 
Benjamin Franklin, painted 
when he was in London in 
1767 by Scottish artist David 
Martin, hangs in this room. 



> 


■ 
* 


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L. m 


* 


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Free public tours of the White House run from 10 a.m. 
to noon, Tuesday through Saturday, with Saturday hours 
extended until 2 p.m. from March 27 through October 23, 
1976. Tuesday through Friday closing times will be flexible 
throughout 1976, so that tours can run beyond noon when- 
ever the President's schedule permits. The White House will 
be open to the public on the following Monday holidays: 
Memorial Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, and Veterans 
Day. It will be closed on Christmas and New Year's Day. 

Until recently, it was often necessary to wait in line for 
several hours to visit the White House. Now, however, at a 
special booth in the visitors' waiting area on the Ellipse, 
you may get free tickets permitting you to tour the White 
House at a specific time. This ticket system will continue 
through October 23, 1976. The ticket booth is open Tues- 
day-Friday from 8 a.m. to noon and Saturday from 8 a.m. 
to 1 p.m. 



A graceful oval, the Blue Room contains elegant Empire 
furniture including these Bellangc gilt chairs. Mirror 
above the marble mantel reflects John Tyler's portrait. 




THE WHITE HOUSE AREA (map page 29) 



2. Lafayette Park, 1600 H Street, NW. This delightful small 
park across the street from the White House provides stroll- 
ers with an excellent vista of the First Family's home. La- 
fayette Park is the site of statues commemorating the great 
foreign heroes of the American Revolution: the Marquis de 
Lafayette, known as "the soldier's friend" for his gallantry 
in the Battle of Brandywine and his fortitude during the 
dark days of Valley Forge; Thaddeus Kosciusko, the Polish 
engineer and artilleryman whose fortifications helped win 
the battle of Saratoga; the Comte de Rochambeau, whose 
forces helped seal the British fate at Yorktown; and the 
Baron von Steuben, General Washington's drill master, who 
helped forge the raw recruits of the Revolution into an ef- 
fective army. In addition, there is a statue of Andrew Jack- 
son, hero of the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812 
and seventh President of the United States. Tables for chess 
and checkers are also found in this appealing park. 0J) © 

3. Church of Presidents Lafayette Square, NW. Officially 
known as St. John's, this is a small but brilliant tribute to 
the artistry of Benjamin Henry Latrobe, the first profes- 
sional architect engaged in the construction of public build- 
ings in Washington. Built in 1816 along classically simple 
lines, St. John's is a regular church within the Episcopal 
Diocese of Washington, and many of its parishioners have 
been famous in American history. Every President since 
James Madison has at one time or another occupied Pew 
54. Adm. George Dewey, upon leaving for Manila during 
the Spanish-American War, said his greatest hope was for a 
quick victory so that he could return and pass the collec- 
tion plate at St. John's. Among the most touching features 
is a stained-glass window that was given to the church by 
President Chester Arthur in memory of his wife, a member 
of the St. John choir, who had died before he took office. 
The President requested that the window be installed on 
the south side so that he could look out of the window of 
his White House study and see the light from the church 
streaming through it. Open daily from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. Spe- 
cial tours are conducted every Sunday after the 11 a.m. ser- 
vice. Parish house open Monday -Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 
p.m. and on Sunday during services, which are held at 8 
a.m., 9 a.m., and 11 a.m. Closed Saturday. 

4. Decatur House, 748 Jackson Place, NW. This impressive 
townhouse designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe was long a 
center of social and political life. The house, completed in 



1819, was built for Commodore Stephen Decatur with 
prize money awarded him for the defeat of the Barbary 
pirates. Decatur died here in 1820 after being fatally 
wounded in a duel. Later the house was rented by various 
diplomats and statesmen. After the Civil War the house was 
purchased by Gen. and Mrs. Edward T. Beale. The Beale 
family, prominent in social and diplomatic circles, kept the 
house for 85 years. Marie Beale, a preservationist, restored 
the house in the 1940's and donated it to the National 
Trust for Historic Preservation in 1956. The Trust uses the 
house as a preservation center for the community. 

Notable features of the interior of the house are the 
handsome woodwork and the spiral staircase. Furnishings 
typical of the Decatur period are featured on the first floor, 
those of the Beale period are on the second floor. Decatur 
House will be open to the public free of charge throughout 
1976. Afterwards a fee may be charged and opening hours 
may be changed. Open Monday-Friday from 10 a.m. to 2 
p.m. and Saturday, Sunday, and legal holidays from noon 
to 4 p.m. Closed Christmas. (Jgl 

5. Truxtun Decatur Naval Museum, 1610 H Street, NW. 
Commodore Thomas Truxtun was a forebear of the Beale 
family, the last private occupants of Decatur House. The 
museum, located in the old carriage house of Stephen Deca- 
tur's home, displays ship and naval aircraft models, uni- 
forms, and historical objects of the U.S. Navy and Marine 
Corps. Particularly noteworthy is a collection of everyday 
tools and artifacts brought back from Japan by Commo- 
dore Perry in 1854. Open daily from 10:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. 
Closed holidays. 08 

6. New Executive Office Building, 726 Jackson Place, NW. 
Part of the new Federal office complex bordering on Lafay- 
ette Square, this handsome building, festooned with iron 
grillwork, houses the Office of Management and Budget and 
some of the departments serving the Office of the Presi- 
dent. The use of red mortar with the red brick creates a 
subdued facade that relates attractively to the row of ele- 
gant buildings on this street. Not open to the public. 

7. United States Information Agency Exhibit and Voice of 
America Broadcast Facilities, 330 Independence Avenue, 
SW. The first Voice of America (VOA) broadcast went on 
the air only 79 days after the attack on Pearl Harbor. At 
the time, the entire operation consisted of a dozen short- 



32 



Food available in building (2J Restrooms [CJ Public Telephone 




Solid elegance of the Victori- 
an era is epitomized by the 
Renwick Gallery's Grand 
Salon. This impressive room 
measures 96 bv 45 feet (29.3 
by 13.7 mj. The Louis XV 
sofas (right) were made in 
France in 1840. and the car- 
pet was woven to order in an 
egg-and-dart motif-a pattern 
that was highly popular in the 
19th century. 



wave transmitters operated by five commercial companies. 
Today the vast VOA network operates more than 100 
transmitters here and abroad, broadcasting 776 hours a 
week in 35 languages, telling the American story through- 
out the world. The VOA estimates that its regular weekly 
listening audience exceeds 50 million. But when Apollo 1 1 
astronaut Neil Armstrong spoke the first words from the 
surface of the Moon, his message was heard by more than 
750 million people through the facilities of VOA and relays 
by other radio stations. Visitors to the second floor can 
watch and listen to live broadcasts to other countries and 
learn about the Information Agency's other activities 
abroad. Forty -five-minute tours are available every hour on 
the hour, except noon, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Monday-Fri- 
day. Closed holidays. Groups of 10 or more should make 
reservations in advance. Cafeteria open to public: breakfast. 
7:30 to 9 a.m.: morning coffee. 9:45 to 10:30 a.m.: lunch. 
11 a.m. to 1:45 p.m.: afternoon coffee, 2 to 3 p.m.® g|J) Q 

8. Renwick Gallery, Pennsylvania Avenue at 17th Street, 
NW. The Renwick Gallery was opened in 1972, principally 
as a showcase for American creativity in design, the crafts, 
and the decorative arts. Its eight exhibition halls, including 
two areas set aside for the display of arts and crafts from 
other countries, offer exhibits that are changed periodical- 
ly. Signs of Life: Symbols in the American City, which 
opened in February 1976, is the Renwick's first Bicentenni- 
al exhibit. Americas: The Decorative Arts in Latin America 
in the Era of the Revolution opens in the fall. American 
painted furniture and the relationship between poetry and 
the handcrafted object are the subject of other exhibits 
opening late in 1976. A second-floor gallery, reached by 



climbing the building's impressive main stairoase, is decor- 
ated like a formal parlor of the 1880's, complete with pot- 
ted palms and overstuffed furniture. The building was de- 
signed by James Renwick and constructed during the Civil 
War period. It is one of the earliest examples of French Sec- 
ond Empire architectme in the United States. Originally it 
housed the Corcoran Gallery of Art. It was later used as the 
U.S. Court of Claims. Open daily from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. 
Closed Christmas. gH) fC] 

9. Blair House, 1651-1653 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW. The 
President's Guest House comprises three homes combined 
into a single facility for the use of visiting heads of state 
and their parties. The oldest of the three, built in 1824. was 
purchased by Francis Blair during the Jackson administra- 
tion, and for the next 50 years was a political as well as a 
social center in Washington. It was in the small room to the 
right of the front door that Col. Robert E. Lee was offered 
the command of the Union Army just before the outbreak 
of the Civil War in 1861. The house became Government 
property in 1942, and was the official home of President 
Harry S. Truman and his family from November 1948 to 
March 1952, while the White House was undergoing exten- 
sive renovation. Not open to the public. 

10. Executive Office Building, / 7th Street and Pennsylvania 
Avenue, NW. This baroque structure— originally designed to 
house the offices of the Departments of State, War, and the 
Navy -is one of the city's great architectural conversation 
pieces. Construction began in 1871 under the supervision of 
Alfred Mullett, the noted architect of public buildings. The 
project became the center of a storm of artistic controversy 



33 



THE WHITE HOUSE AREA (map page 29) 

almost from the start. Some saw it as a sign that the govern- 
ment was indulging itself in "frivolous ornamentation," 
while others hailed it as "Mr. Mullett's masterpiece." The 
unhappy architect was denied his fee for the design and la- 
ter committed suicide. Since then there have been periodic 
campaigns to have it torn down, but over the years Wash- 
ingtonians have grown rather fond of its ornate facade, and 
it now seems safe from the wrecker's ball. A mansard roof 
of warm, rosy slate contrasts with the gray stone of the 
building. It is reported that the fanciful design includes 900 
Doric columns, many of which support the massive, inex- 
plicable porches and porticos that ornament this remarka- 
ble building. The structure, which was the headquarters of 
Generals Sherman and Sheridan, as well as every Secretary 
of State from Hamilton Fish to Gen. George C. Marshall, is 
now the Executive Office Building for members of the 
White House staff. Not open to the public. 

11. Octagon House, 7 799 New York Avenue, NW. This 
stately building of warm red brick is one of the finest exam- 
ples of Federal architecture in America. Designed as a town- 
house for Col. John Tayloe, a wealthy Virginian, it was fin- 
ished in 1801 and soon became one of the showplaces in 
the new capital city. George Washington, who came by 
from time to time to watch the construction of his old 
friend's house, did not live to see its completion, but such 
notables as James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, James Mon- 
roe, Andrew Jackson, Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and 
John Calhoun did enjoy the hospitality of this gracious 
home. When the British burned the White House during the 
War of 1812, President Madison and his wife, Dolley, lived 
here until their official residence was rebuilt. It was in the 
second-floor study of the Octagon that Madison approved 
the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the war, on Christmas 
Eve 1814. Today, under the direction of the American In- 
stitute of Architects Foundation, the house is maintained as 
a museum and offers a particularly accurate picture of a 
high-style townhouse of the early 1800's. The house fea- 
tures the elegant simplicity of the Adam style and a fine 
collection of classic American antique furniture. The styles 
of Chippendale, Hepplewhite, and Sheraton are effectively 
shown off in the light, spacious rooms. Temporary exhibi- 
tions related to architecture, historic preservation, and the 
decorative arts are usually displayed for periods of about 
six weeks. But in 1976 two major shows will be mounted at 
the Octagon. The first will feature the original drawings en- 




This revolving table in the round Treaty Room of the Octa- 
gon House is believed to be the one at which President 
Madison approved the Treaty of Ghent in February 1815. 

tered in the competition for the design of the U.S. Capitol 
in 1792. The second will be devoted to the winner of that 
competition, Dr. William Thornton, who went on to design 
the Octagon itself. Open Tuesday-Saturday from 10 a.m. to 
4 p.m. and Sunday from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Closed Tlmnks- 
giving, Christmas, and New Year's Day. (JU 

12. Corcoran Gallery of Art, J 7th Street and New York 
Avenue, NW. The Corcoran houses one of the Nation's first 
and foremost collections of American art. On display are 
works by the first great U.S. portrait painters, such as John 
S. Copley, Gilbert Stuart, and the Peales. Thomas Cole and 
the artists of the Hudson River school are particularly well 
represented, as are artists of the second half of the 19th 
century, including Thomas Eakins and Mary Cassatt and 
Western artists Albert Bierstadt and Frederic Remington. 
Works by 20th-century artists are also on view at the muse- 
um. As one critic said of the American collection, "If you 
are an American, you have to go there to begin to under- 
stand yourself." The Corcoran also houses a small but ex- 
cellent collection of European masters, including Rem- 
brandt, Rubens, Renoir, and Degas. The Gallery maintains 
an extensive program of tours and lectures as well as music 
and dance recitals. Visitors should consult the monthly Cor- 
coran calendar for information on temporary exhibitions 



34 



fjfj Food available in building (JU Reslrooms (XJ Public Telephone 



and special events. Open Tuesday -Sunday from 11 a.m. to 5 
p.m. Closed holidays. Admission $1.50, Thursday-Sunday. 
Free, Tuesday and Wednesday, with a suggested contribu- 
tion of $1. QD H® 

13. The American National Red Cross, 17th and D Streets, 
NW. Three administrative buildings surrounding a garden 
constitute Red Cross Square. The memorial to the south of 
the flagstone walk commemorates all members of the Red 
Cross who gave their lives in service. The statue at the north 
end of the garden was erected in honor of Jane A. Delano, 
founder of the Red Cross nursing programs, and the 296 
Red Cross nurses who died in service during World War I. 
The 17th-Street building contains paintings, sculpture, his- 
torical Red Cross exhibits, and three beautiful stained-glass 
windows designed by Louis Tiffany. Today the Red Cross 
tradition of service is continued. The building is head- 
quarters for volunteer activities and blood donor programs. 
Open Monday-Friday from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Closed to the 
public Saturday, Sunday, and holidays. 08 

14. U.S. Department of the Interior, 18th and C Streets, 
NW. The first-floor galleries of the Interior Building provide 
unique illustrations of U.S. history. Lifelike dioramas de- 
pict subjects ranging from the meeting of George Washing- 
ton and the Marquis de Lafayette in 1780 to an Indian trad- 
ing post at Fort Union in 1835. The Bureau of Indian Af- 



fairs has on display a collection of Indian artifacts, includ- 
ing war bonnets and fine examples of Indian pottery and 
jewelry. The museum also houses a collection of rare early 
American inventions and scientific devices. Worthwhile sou- 
venirs are for sale in the Indian crafts shop located in Room 
1023 on the first floor of the building. Open Monday- 
Friday from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Closed holidays. fJQ HE © 

15. Daughters of the American Revolution National Society 
Headquarters, 1 776 D Street, NW. Three separate buildings 
in the classic style are the headquarters for the Daughters of 
the American Revolution (DAR). 

CONSTITUTION HALL -This stately auditorium, built 
in 1929 by John Russell Pope, is noted for its fine acous- 
tics. Frequent concerts, recitals, and lectures are held here. 
Open only during scheduled events, but tours may be ar- 
ranged through the DAR Museum. 0J) {Q 

DAR MEMORIAL CONTINENTAL HALL-Thk build- 
ing houses the third largest genealogical library in America. 
The famous Rembrandt Peale "porthole" painting of 
George Washington is also here. Open Monday-Friday from 
9 a.m. to 4 p.m. (X) 

DAR MUSEUM- In addition to historic memorabilia, 
such as an original chest from the Boston Tea Party and a 
13-star flag carried into battle during the Revolution, the 
museum houses a particularly fine collection of furnishings 
and artifacts of everyday life in colonial America up to 





Among the Treasures of the 
Corcoran Gallery arc "Off the 
Range" (above), a bronze by 
Frederic Remington reflec- 
ting his cowboy days: and 
"The Return" (left) by 
Thomas Cole, a founder of 
the Hudson River school of 
American landscape painting. 

35 



THE WHITE HOUSE AREA (map page 29) 



1830. Twenty-eight period rooms-ranging from a formal 
sitting room to an attic filled with children's toys— reflect 
colonial American lifestyles. Open Monday- Friday from 10 
a.m. to 3 p.m. Closed holidays. Possible trial period for six 
weeks beginning May 1, 1976: Saturday from 10 a.m. to 3 
p.m. and Sunday from noon to 4 p.m. Also, possibility of 
tours every half hour. UJj) © 

16. Organization of American States (Pan American Un- 
ion), 17th Street at Constitution Avenue, NW. This dis- 
tinctive white marble building set off by exotic gardens 
gives a Latin flavor to the neighborhood. Built in 1910, the 
elegant structure serves as the headquarters for the General 
Secretariat of the Organization of American States. Inside 
the huge lobby is a colorful patio featuring the distinctive 
plants of Latin America. Beyond the patio is an art gallery, 
containing works of major artists from all of the American 
nations. On the second floor is the Hall of Heroes and 
Flags, with flags of all the 25 member States and marble 
busts of outstanding Latin American heroes. The building 
also includes the historic old Council Room and the very 
modern Council Chamber, where the permanent Council 
meets. The large Hall of the Americas is used for interna- 
tional meetings and for recitals by outstanding artists in the 
musical field. The formal Aztec Gardens behind the main 
building are guarded by a statue of Xochipilli, the Aztec 
god of flowers. Open Monday-Friday from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. 
Closed Saturday, Sunday, and holidays. Admission to both 
the lower and upper floor is free. Guided tours are also 
given without charge. Group tours may be arranged by call- 
ing (202) 381-8666 or by writing to the Visitors Tourist 
Senice, Department of Information. 0j © 

17. The Ellipse, 1600 Constitution Avenue, NW. This is the 
name commonly applied to President's Park South. This 
36-acre (14.6-ha) expanse is used for everything from the 
annual Christmas Pageant of Peace to ball games and large 
public gatherings and demonstrations. There are stone 
memorials to Gen. William Sherman, to the men of the 
First and Second Divisions in both World Wars, and to the 
Boy Scouts. The park is also adorned by two memorial 
fountains and a pair of gatehouses designed by Charles Bul- 
finch. The zero milestone, at the north end of the Ellipse, is 
the point from which all distances from Washington are 
measured. The national Christmas tree is traditionally dis- 
played here. U) © 



18. The Department of Commerce Building (The National 
Aquarium), 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW. This 
8-acre (3.2-ha) office building was completed in 1932. The 
famous "Census Clock" in the lobby shows the population 
of the United States at every moment. An aquarium main- 
tained by the Fish and Wildlife Service is located below the 
main lobby. Children in particular enjoy the more than 
2,000 specimens of both native and exotic fish and other 
marine life housed in 48 display tanks. Open daily from 9 
a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed Christmas. (38 © 

19. U.S. Treasury Department, 15th Street and Pennsyl- 
vania Avenue, NW. This imposing building, constructed 
between 1836 and 1869, is considered to be one of the fin- 
est examples of Greek Revival architecture in America. The 
east colonnade of the building is the second longest in the 
world, the longest in the Western Hemisphere. A statue of 
Alexander Hamilton, the first Secretary of the Treasury, 
stands on the south plaza, and one of Andrew Gallatin, the 
fourth Secretary, on the north. A small "living museum" on 
the second floor contains a series of rotating exhibits on the 
various aspects of the history and functions of the Treasury 
Department. In the Mint public area, commemorative 
medals and other numismatic items are for sale. Museum 
open Tuesday-Friday from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Mint sales area 
open Tuesday-Friday from 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. and Sat- 
urday from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Closed holidays. (38 

20. U.S. Court of Claims and U.S. Court of Customs and 
Patent Appeals, 71 7 Madison Place, NW. Both courts are 
housed in a handsome new red brick building designed by 
John Carl Warnecke and completed in 1967. The office 
tower is set back and the street-front facade maintains the 
scale of the townhouses on Lafayette Park. Between the fa- 
cade and the office building itself is a courtyard with a 
fountain and plantings of ivy. Both courts are dedicated to 
an important concept espoused by President Lincoln in 
1855 and inscribed on a wall of the lobby: "It is as much 
the duty of government to render prompt justice against it- 
self in favor of citizens, as it is to administer the same be- 
tween private individuals." The U.S. Court of Claims 
handles suits against the Federal Government. The U.S. 
Court of Customs and Patent Appeals hears appeals related 
to patents and trademarks. Court of Claims open Monday- 
Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Court of Customs open Mon- 
day-Friday from 8:30a.m to 4:30 p.m. Closed holidays. 



36 



© Food available in building (28 Reslrooms © Public Telephone 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS 

In the District of Columbia, nearby Virginia and Maryland (Page numbers in parentheses refer to maps.) 



WASHINGTON, D.C. 

Anacostia Neighborhood Museum, 2405 Martin Luther 
King, Jr., Avenue, SE. Few museums are as innovative as 
this community-sponsored exhibition hall, which is con- 
cerned with America as seen by its minority citizens. The 
museum's three buildings usually offer a total of four dif- 
ferent exhibits a year, dealing primarily with African and 
Afro-American history and culture, the urban environment, 
and local Anacostia history. While performing the tradition- 
al museum function of preserving the past, the Anacostia 
complex, administered by the Smithsonian Institution, of- 
fers a new look at the history of America and concerns it- 
self directly with the vital interests and needs of the mod- 
ern urban community. Open Monday-Friday from 10 a.m. 
to 6 p.m., Saturday and Sunday from 1 to 6 p.m. Closed 
Christmas. SB) 

Armed Forces Medical Museum, 6825 14th Street, NW (on 
the grounds of Walter Reed Army Medical Center). The mu- 
seum contains 125,000 items, and collections related to the 
development of U.S. military medical services dating back 
to the Revolution. Unfortunately, it is temporarily closed 
to the public, pending the completion of a new armed 
forces medical school facility, expected to open in Bethes- 
da, Maryland, in 1977. OD (38 © 

B'nai B'rith Museum, 1640 Rhode Island Avenue, NW. 
Writing in 1790 to the members of the Hebrew congrega- 
tion of Newport, Rhode Island, George Washington out- 
lined one of the basic principles of the American Nation: 
"This government," he said, "gives to bigotry no sanction, 
to persecution no assistance." That famous letter is on dis- 
play here as part of a special Bicentennial exhibit tracing 
the first settlement by Jews in America in 1654 to their 
role in the Revolution and in the subsequent development 
of the United States. In addition to the special exhibit, the 
museum's permanent displays include one of the largest col- 
lections of Jewish ceremonial objects and folklore material 
in America. A little theater shows short movies and film- 
strips. Open Sunday-Friday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed 
legal and Jewish holidays. Uffi QQ 



The Capitol Hill Presbyterian Church, 201 4th Street, SE. 
This small but well-known church has been a part of the 
Capitol Hill area for more than 100 years. During the week 
varied programs are held. Of primary note are the programs 
of the Capitol Hill Arts Workshop in music, dance, drama, 
and art. Sunday services at 9:30 a.m. and 11 a.m. flj 

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, West 
from the Francis Scott Key Bridge at 34th and M Streets, 
NW. (F-l, p. 62) The historic Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) 
Canal, which runs parallel to the banks of the Potomac 
River, was originally intended, in 1828, to be the beginning 
of a projected waterway to the lands in the West. The canal 
route now offers 185 miles (297.7 km) of biking and hik- 
ing trails, and is part of one of the most beautifully pre- 
served sites in the Washington area. The tow path can pro- 
vide a quiet afternoon in the country or a week-long walk- 
ing trip from Georgetown to the Civil War battlefield site at 
Antietam and further on west to Cumberland, Maryland. 
There are overnight campsites along the length of the park. 
The C&O has become a favorite spot for members of offi- 
cial Washington for jogging, nature walks, and picnicking. 
For those who enjoy the ways of the past, mule-drawn 
barge trips are provided on the canal. Open daily from 
dawn to dark. Bike rentals are available on weekends, spring 
through fall, from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. (jjj| [Cj 

Christ Church, Washington Parish, 620 G Street, SE. The 
first Episcopal parish in Washington was incorporated on 
Christmas Eve 1794 with services held in an old tobacco 
barn on New Jersey Avenue. The present impressive Gothic 
structure, believed by many authorities lo be the oldest 
church in Washington, was designed and built by the noted 
American architect Benjamin Henry La t robe in 1807. De- 
scribed by its first bishop, Thomas Claggett, as "small but 
sufficiently elegant," Christ Church immediately became an 
important part of the life of the city. Presidents James Mad- 
ison and James Monroe worshiped there, and Thomas Jef- 
ferson is thought to have been a member of the original 
congregation. The great American bandmaster and compos- 
er John Philip Sousa was born on the block where the 



37 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS: WASHINGTON, D.C. 



Church is. He was baptized and married here and is buried 
in the graveyard, which is known as the Congressional Cem- 
etery. Open Monday-Friday from 9:30 a.m to 3:30 p.m. 
Sunday services at 8:30 and 11 a.m. 

Explorers Hall, 17th and M Streets, NW. One of the more 
fascinating exhibits in Washington is this working museum 
in the offices of the National Geographic Society. The ex- 
citing history of our planet and man's attempt to explore 
his world are told in photographs, motion pictures, and dio- 
ramas. One of the most impressive exhibits is the world's 
largest free-moving globe (34 feet, or 10.4 m, in circumfer- 
ence), which appears to float above a fountain-splashed 
pool. An operator at a control console can cause the globe 
to lift from its spindle and revolve in any direction, showing 
all parts of the earth's surface. Other exhibits re-create the 
voyages of Robert Peary to the North Pole and Jacques- 
Yves Cousteau to the depths of the oceans. Open Monday- 
Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., Saturday and holidays from 9 
a.m. to 5 p.m., and Sunday from noon to 5 p.m. Closed 
Christmas, gg) (JJ 

Ford's Theatre, 51 1 10th Street, NW. There are few places 
in Washington where visitors feel as close to history as they 
do at the recently restored Ford's Theatre. The Presidential 
box, draped with flags and a portrait of George Washington, 
is furnished as it was on the night of April 14, 1865, when 
President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated there. The 
President's rocking chair is in place, partially obscured by 
the lace curtains and damask draperies that frame the box. 



A museum on the lower level contains exhibits devoted to 
Lincoln's early life and political career. There are also re- 
minders of the assassination. But Ford's Theatre is much 
more than a museum. As a theatrical showplace it is a fit- 
ting tribute to the President who said: "Some think I do 
wrong to go to the opera and the theater; but it rests me. I 
love to be alone, and yet to be with the people. A hearty 
laugh relieves me; and I seem better able after it to bear my 
cross." Performances of musicals and comedies, and presen- 
tations of Americana are given Tuesday through Sunday in 
the intimate 740-seat theater. The National Park Service 
maintains the museum, while the Ford's Theatre Society, a 
nonprofit organization, is responsible for the programs. Mu- 
seum open daily from 9 a.m to 5 p.m. Closed Christmas. 
Evening performances Tuesday-Friday at 7:30 p.m. and 
Saturday at 6 and 9:30 p.m.; matinee performances Tlmrs- 
day at 1 p.m. and Sunday at 3 p.m. SB) © 

Franciscan Monastery, 14th and Quincy Streets, NE. This 
"Holy Land of America" is maintained by the Order of Fri- 
ars Minor, the Roman Catholic guardians of the Christian 
Shrines of the Holy Land. The monastery and its grounds 
contain replicas of many Holy Land sites, including the 
Holy Sepulcher and the Grotto of Bethlehem. There are 
also reproductions of the catacombs in Rome, as well as 
ancient paintings and inscriptions by the early Christians. A 
small museum of arts and crafts relating to the Holy Land 
and the Bible contains icons, artifacts from the Crusades, 
and the finest collection of carved pearl pieces outside of 
Jerusalem. The monastery building itself is in the Byzantine 



Ford's Theatre was restored 
and reopened in February 
1968, almost 103 years after 
President Lincoln was shot 
there while watching Our 
American Cousin, a popular 
comedy of the day. The Presi- 
dent, with his guests, was 
seated in the box on the far 
right, shown here as it was on 
that tragic night. Most of the 
furnishings and decorations 
are reproductions, but the 
framed engraving of George 
Washington, between the 
draped flags, is original. The 
stage is set for the third act 
which Lincoln did not see. 





Cedar Hill, where the outstanding Negro leader Frederick 
Douglass lived in his later years, has been maintained and 
administered by the National Park Service since 1962. 

style. The beautifully landscaped grounds include extensive 
rose gardens. Open daily 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed Good Fri- 
day, Thanksgiving, Christinas and New Year's. (JU [Cj 

Frederick Douglass Memorial Home, 1411 W Street, SE. 
Born a slave in 1817, Frederick Douglass escaped bondage 
in 1838 and went on to become one of the most eloquent 
leaders of the abolitionist movement. After the struggle for 
emancipation was finally won, Douglass held high positions 
in the Government, and eventually settled in this handsome 
house with a commanding view of the old Federal City. The 
house is maintained as a museum in his memory and con- 
tains many interesting artifacts of Douglass' life, including a 
variety of his personal effects and his comprehensive li- 
brary. Open daily from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. On weekends from 
April through September closing hour is advanced to 5 p.m. 
Closed Christmas. 

Georgetown (F-2, p. 62) 

When George Washington and Pierre L'Enfant met to dis- 
cuss plans for the creation of a new capital city, they met in 
Georgetown, then a busy tobacco port on the Potomac 
River. With the advent of steam, ships sought the deeper 
harbors of Baltimore, and Georgetown's importance as a 
port lessened. This historic community with its Fine Federal 
and Victorian homes was incorporated into the District of 
Columbia in 1871. Today Georgetown boasts one of the 
largest single concentrations of restored houses anywhere in 
America. Wisconsin Avenue from M to about R. Street is the 
commercial heart of the area, with scores of restaurants, art 
galleries, and boutiques. The tree-lined streets surrounding 
this main thoroughfare are ideal for leisurely walking 
tours. Some of the most interesting shops and houses are on 



M Street between 30th and 31st Streets, on N Street be- 
tween 28th and 31st Streets, and west of Wisconsin Avenue 
between Potomac and 34th Streets. In addition to several 
old churches and such estates as Dumbarton Oaks, George- 
town has houses dating from the pre-Revolutionary and 
Federal periods and from all periods of the 19th century, 
beautifully illustrating the wide range of architecture popu- 
lar in Washington through the years. Before starting out, 
visitors should consult one of the special guidebooks to the 
area, which are available at the National Visitor Center. 

Dumbarton House, 2715 Q Street, NW. A handsome 
combination of Federal and Georgian architecture, this Fine 
old home is now the headquarters of the National Society 
of the Colonial Dames of America. Built at the end of the 
18th century, Dumbarton House is similar in style to Wood- 
lawn Plantation, the Mount Vernon, Virginia, home of 
George Washington's step granddaughter, Nelly Custis. Al- 
most all of the furnishings are from the Federal period in 
the Hepplewhite and Sheraton styles. Open Monday-Satur- 
day September-June from 9 a.m. to noon. Closed July, 
August, and holidays. flj) 

Dumbarton Oaks, 1 703 32nd Street, NW. This magnifi- 
cent Georgian mansion has been the scene of much political 
and cultural history. The conference that led to the forma- 
tion of the Charter of the United Nations was held in the 
Music Room, where Igor Stravinsky, a frequent guest, 
played many of his compositions for the first time. The 
owners, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Woods Bliss, donated the 
house and its spacious gardens to Harvard University in 
1940 to be maintained as a research and publication center. 
Today it houses unparalleled collections of Byzantine and 
Pre-Columbian art, as well as major paintings by American 
and European artists, including El Greco's "Visitation." Sit- 
uated on 16 terraced acres (6 ha) abounding with magnolia, 
forsythia, flowering cherry trees, and chrysanthemums, 
Dumbarton Oaks is considered by many to be the most 
striking home in the District. Open Tuesday-Sunday Sep- 
tember-June from 2 to 5 p.m. Closed July , August, and hol- 
idays. Gardens closed during inclement weather. |JE) (JJ 

Dumbarton United Methodist Church, 31 33 Dumbarton 
Street, NW. The congregation, established in 1772, is one of 
the oldest in the Nation. The present church, built in 1849, 
is the oldest Methodist church in Washington. It was used as 



fjQ Food available in building (JJ£) Restrooms (3 Public Telephone 



39 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS: WASHINGTON, D.C. 



a hospital during the Civil War, and President Abraham Lin- 
coln is said to have come here to visit the wounded. Lincoln 
later attended a church service, and the pew he used is 
marked. In the late 1800's the church was completely re- 
modeled, and its turn-of-the-century character is main- 
tained today. Open weekdays 9 a.m. to noon and Sundays 
from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Sunday service held at 1 1 a.m. (38 (TJ 

Georgetown Presbyterian Church, 3115 P Street, NW. 
Founded in 1780, Georgetown Presbyterian is one of the 
oldest churches in the area. Its first full-time pastor, Steph- 
en Balch, had served with the Maryland Volunteers during 
the Revolution before taking up his ministry. It was said of 
Reverend Balch that "he planted the gospel in this town." 
The present handsome Federal -style building is a faithful 
re-creation of the church's earlier structure on M Street. 
Among the colonial treasures on display are an oil painting 
of the Scottish reformer John Knox and a harmonium given 
by Thomas Jefferson. Open daily from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 
Closed holidays. H8 

Georgetown University, 37th and O Streets, NW. (F-l , p. 
62) Founded in 1789, the same year President George 
Washington was inaugurated, Georgetown is the nation's 
oldest Roman Catholic college. In the first prospectus of 
the college, Bishop John Carroll, the school's founder, 
wrote: "Agreeably to the liberal principle of our Constitu- 
tion the school will be . . . open to Students of every Relig- 
ious Profession." In 1805 the school was placed under the 
direction of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). Today it is a ma- 
jor coeducational private university with more than 10,000 
students attending 10 separate schools, including schools of 
law, medicine, .bntistry, language, and foreign service. The 
university's colors, blue and gray, reflect a chapter of U.S. 
history. They were adopted after the Civil War to symbolize 
the reunion of North and South into a single great nation. 
The Gunlocke Special Collections Exhibit Room on the 
fifth floor of the Lauinger Library features exhibits docu- 
menting the history of the university. Open daily. Tours of 
the campus Monday-Friday at 10:30 a.m. and 3:30 p.m., 
Saturday at 10:30 a.m. CD SB) (S 

JOHN CARROLL STATUE, Georgetown University 
Campus. This imposing bronze statue honors the universi- 
ty's founder. The first Roman Catholic bishop in America, 
John Carroll was a noted Revolutionary patriot and a close 
friend of both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. 



HEALY BUILDING, Georgetown University Campus. 
This massive structure constructed in 1879 in the Flemish 
Renaissance style is the principal building on the George- 
town University campus. It is named after an extraordinary 
man, Rev. Patrick Healy, S.J. Born the son of an Irish plant- 
er and a former slave, he was the first black man in America 
to receive a Ph.D. He was named president of Georgetown 
University in 1873, and it was under his administration that 
the university became the outstanding educational institu- 
tion it remains today. Father Healy's family was a major 
force in the development of the Catholic Church in Ameri- 
ca. One brother was the bishop of Portland, Maine, and his 
sister founded the Sisters of the Holy Family, an order of 
nuns dedicated to teaching black children. The first floor of 
the Healy Building houses some of the university's art treas- 
ures, including Van Dyck's "Portrait of a Jesuit" and "The 
Calling of St. Matthew" by Luca Giordano. Also included is 
a portrait of Archbishop John Carroll by Gilbert Stuart. In- 
formation Center open Monday-Friday from 8 a.m. to 10 
p.m., Saturday and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. Tours 
Monday-Friday at 10:30 a.m. and 3:30 p.m., Saturday at 
10:30 a.m. 

OLD NORTH BUILDING. Georgetown University Cam- 
pus. Built in 1793 in the Georgian style, this is the oldest 
building on the Georgetown University campus. Both 
George Washington and the Marquis de Lafayette came here 
to address the university students. The building is now an 
administrative office and includes dormitories and a small 
chapel. Open daily. (JB) (CJ 

Grace Episcopal Church, 1041 Wisconsin Avenue, NW. 
This church was established in 1857 as a seamen's chapel 
for the boatmen who worked along the Potomac and the 
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. It is set back in a large, shady 
yard, which affords visitors a pleasant spot for picnicking or 
quiet meditation. The small, sturdy neo-Gothic building- 
built of native sandstone and liighlighted by bright red 
doors— was completed in 1866 to replace the church of 
wood construction that was originally on this site. Open 
daily from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Closed holidays. 

Holy Trinity Catholic Church, 36th and N Streets. NW. 
Holy Trinity is the oldest Roman Catholic parish in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia. A plaque on the front of the church is in 
memory of President John Kennedy, who was a parishioner 
here. Open daily from 7 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. 



40 



QQ Food available in building (JJS Restrooms [Q Public Telephone 





The elegance of the John F. Kennedy Center, Washington's leading showcase for the per- 
forming arts, is evidenced here in the Opera House. The Islamic Center (left) is a mosque of 
sumptuous Middle Eastern design set among the traditional mansions of Embassy Row. 



Old Stone House, 3051 M Street, NW. This is the oldest 
surviving building in the District. Finished in 1764, it is 
typical of the sturdy homes built by the hard-working early 
settlers of the area. The ground floor was used as a place of 
business, and the upper floor as living quarters. Today the 
Old Stone House has been restored and furnished in the 
manner of a middle-class home in the late 18th century. 
There are demonstrations of household crafts and, by reser- 
vation only, a special colonial program on Saturdays and 
Sundays for children aged 7-10. For reservations phone 
( 202) 426-685 1 . Open daily from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. 

St. John's Church, 3240 O Street, NW. The story of one 
of the oldest Episcopal churches in the area is typical of 
much of the history of Georgetown. Built in 1809 from a 
design by William Thornton, the First architect of the Capi- 
tol, St. John's was a prosperous church for several years. 
But as Georgetown began to lose the tobacco trade, St. 
John's fell into disrepair, was temporarily abandoned, and 
was then rented out as an artist's studio for $25 a month. 
As Georgetown began to grow again, the parishioners re- 
turned and restored this fine old structure to its present 
glory. Open daily from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 0J 

The Islamic Center, 2551 Massachusetts Avenue, NW. A 
delicate minaret reaching 150 feet (45.7 m) into the sky is 
the focal point of this breathtaking mosque, which serves as 
the center for Muslim worship and learning in America. In 



accordance with tradition, you must remove your shoes be- 
fore entering the building. The interior is a treasure of Is- 
lamic architecture and artwork, including a beautiful ivory 
and ebony inlaid pulpit and Persian rugs. The mosque itself 
is set on an angle to the street so that it faces Mecca, the 
direction toward which all Muslims pray. The Center also 
maintains an extensive library including reference works on 
Islamic culture. Open daily from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. There is 
no admission fee, but voluntary contributions for mainten- 
ance are appreciated. (2J (CJ 

The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, 2700 
F Street, NW. (E-3, p. 60) This huge complex, designed in 
1961 by Edward Durrell Stone, is alive with music and 
drama almost daily. The center has three major facilities un- 
der one roof— an opera house, a concert hall, and a theater 
as well as a smaller Fdm theater. Together the theaters offer 
a broad spectrum of the performing arts. There are a num- 
ber of restaurants in the building, and the various facilities 
are connected by spacious, elegantly decorated hallways 
and lobbies. The center is furnished with gifts from 30 for- 
eign governments, ranging from stage curtains and tapestries 
to sculptures and crystal chandeliers. The terrace of the im- 
posing white marble building overlooks the Potomac River. 
Visitors should consult the center's calendar of events for 
speciFic offerings. Performances include both native Ameri- 
can productions of music, dance, and drama, and visits 
from well-known musical and theatrical companies from all 



41 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS: WASHINGTON, D.C. 



cultures and countries of the world. The building is open 
every day from 10 a.m. to midnight. Tours every day from 
10:15 a.m. to 1:15 p.m. CDi@ 

Kenilworth Aquatic Gardens, Anacostia Avenue and Doug- 
las Street, NW. In 1882 a Government clerk named W. B. 
Shaw planted some water lilies at Ids home on the Anacos- 
tia River. Eventually, Mr. Shaw's cultivation of water plants 
resulted in tins spectacular aquatic garden, which covers 1 1 
acres (4.5 ha) of ponds. The garden today has specimens 
from all over the world, including Victoria regia from the 
Amazon with its huge leaves— 4 to 6 feet across (1.2 to 1.8 
m)— and the Egyptian lotus, Cleopatra's favorite plant. A 
park naturalist conducts nature walks in the gardens on 
summer weekends during July and August. The display is 
particularly striking in mid-June, when some 70 varieties of 
day-blooming lilies are at their peak, and in July and Au- 
gust when the day- and night-blooming varieties open their 
flowers. Open daily from 7:30 a.nu to 6 p.m. Picnic tables 
are available. Closed Christmas. (JU 

Lightship Chesapeake, Washington Channel side of East Po- 
tomac Park, SW. A gallant veteran of almost 40 years' ser- 
vice as a mobile lighthouse in Chesapeake Bay, the ship is 
now a floating maritime museum. The display is especially 
designed as an environmental exhibit depicting the complex 
system of fresh and estuarine life in the Potomac watershed 
area. Open Tuesday, Tliursday, and Saturday from 1 to 4 
p.m. Closed holidays. 




Dedicated by the National Council of Negro Women, this 
striking statue in Lincoln Park depicts Mary McLeod Be- 
thune handing down her legacy of hope, love, and faith. 



Lincoln Park, East Capitol Street between 11th and 13th 
Streets, NE. (D-9, p.61). The principal attraction in this 
small park is a pair of magnificent statues. "The Emancipa- 
tion Group," executed by Thomas Ball and paid for by 
freed slaves, depicts Abraham Lincoln holding the Emanci- 
pation Proclamation in one hand as he extends the other 
hand to a liberated slave. Nearby is a heroic, 17-foot 
(5.2-m) bronze statue, by Robert Berks, of the great black 
educator Mary McLeod Bethune.^/vwzvs open. 

Martin Luther King Memorial Library, 901 G Street, NW. 
This is the main building for the public library system of 
the District of Columbia. The architect was Mies van der 
Rohe, a major force in modern design. Opened as a general 
reference facility in 1972, the library is the scene of con- 
siderable activity in the arts and presents several programs 
with special emphasis on Washington talent. Open Monday - 
Tliursday from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., Friday and Saturday from 
9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Closed holidays, gg) {Q 

Memorial Evangelical Lutheran Church, 1226 Vermont 
Avenue, at Tliomas Circle, NW. A feature here is the heroic 
bronze statue of Martin Luther. The church itself, an im- 
pressive neo-Gothic structure built in 1870, includes pews 
dedicated to the memory of both Robert E. Lee and Ulys- 
ses S. Grant and stained-glass windows commemorating 
Martin Luther and other great Reformation leaders. As part 
of an active social ministry program, the church operates 
the basement-level Iguana Coffee House, which offers live 
entertainment on weekends and has become quite popular 
with young people visiting the city. Open Monday -Friday 
from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday sen'ices at 8:30 and 11 a.m. 
Coffee House open Friday and Saturday from 8:30 p.m. 
Closed holidays. © 

National City Christian Church, 14th Street and Tliomas 
Circle, NW. This church, representative of the Disciples of 
Christ, was the regular church of Presidents James Garfield 
and Lyndon B. Johnson. In its beautifully austere sanctuary 
is an extensive collection of historical memorabilia of the 
Disciples' movement in America. It contains one of only 
three wood carvings of "The Last Supper" created in 1930 
by Alois Lang, the famous sculptor of Oberammergau. A 
109-rank Moller organ, recently installed, is one of the fin- 
est in the city. Open Sunday from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. A tour 
of the church follows the 11 a.m. sendee. Ufl) [Cj 



42 



I Food available in building 5JJ| Reslrooms {Q Public Telephone 




"Bull Dance" (left), one of collection's 445 Indian paintings by George Catlin, and John Rogers' "The Favored Scholar" 



National Collection of Fine Arts 

8th and G Streets, NW. (E-6, p.61) 

This is one of the two distinguished museums housed in the 
old Patent Office Building, itself a superb example of Greek 
Revival architecture. The National Collection, administered 
by the Smithsonian Institution, features outstanding exam- 
ples of American painting, sculpture, and graphic art from 
the 18th century to the present. Included among the more 
than 17,000 items are works by such diverse talents as Ben- 
jamin West, Gilbert Stuart, Albert Pink- 
ham Ryder, George Catlin, Hiram Powers, 
and Robert Rauschenberg. About 15 spe- 
cial exhibits are mounted every year, and 
most of them include carefully researched 
publications. All works not on display are 
available for study by scholars. An inven- 
tory of American paintings executed be- 
fore 1914 is being compiled specifically 
for the Bicentennial. One of the major 
shows for this period, which opened April 
30, is "America as Art," an exhibition of 
more than 250 works that show how 
American art has been identified with 
changing concepts and ideals associated 
with the United States over the past 200 
years. Open daily from 10 a.m. to 5:30 
p.m. Closed Christmas. GD 5B) © 




Anonymous portrait of Princess Po- 
cahontas, who wed John Rolfe in 
1614 and died in England at age 22. 



National Portrait Gallery 

8th and F Streets, NW (E-6, p.61) 

Although the two museums have separate entrances, you 
can go from one to the other without going outside. The 
Portrait Gallery, combining art with history and biography, 
is an immense treasure house of portraits of Americans who 
have made significant contributions to the national scene. 
All the Presidents are represented by portraits in the Presi- 
dential Corridor. Portraits of such various notables as Poca- 
hontas, Horace Greeley, Harriet Beecher 
Stowe, and Edwin Booth are included. In 
late 1975 the Gallery reopened its third- 
floor hall, once the largest room in Amer- 
ica. Although it is an exuberant example 
of American Victorian Renaissance arclii- 
tecture, the hall had been closed to the 
public for nearly a century. On the mez- 
zanine level are temporary exhibits. A 
special Bicentennial show, "Abroad in 
America, Visitors to the New Nation: 
1776-1914," opened April 9, 1976. It 
highlights the experiences of visitors from 
other countries to the United States and 
evokes in words and pictures the face of 
America that these visitors observed. 
Open daily from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. 
Closed Christmas. CD fflJ (S 



43 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS: WASHINGTON, D.C. 



The National Methodist Church, Metropolitan Memorial, 

Nebraska and New Mexico Avenues, NW. Many Senators, 
Congressmen, and other Government officials worship in 
this neo-Gothic building. President Ulysses S. Grant was the 
first chairman of the Administrative Board, and President 
William McKinley played an active role in the church. The 
original sanctuary, located near Capitol Hill, was financed 
by Methodist churches throughout the country. Some of 
the stained-glass windows and marble commemorative 
plaques from the old church were incorporated into the 
present building when it was built in 1932. Certain pews, 
marked with engraved plaques, are designated for the Presi- 
dent, the Vice President, and the Chief Justice, as well as 
for each State. Particularly noteworthy are the arched ceil- 
ing and the stained-glass windows at the west end of the 
nave, showing Jesus Christ and figures representing Faith, 
Hope, Love, and Justice depicted in vibrant tones of blue, 
red, and purple. Open Monday-Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 
p.m. Sunday services at 9:30 and 11 a.m. J|j (Cj 

National Presbyterian Church and Center, 4101 Nebraska 
Avenue, NW. A matchless combination of age-old faith and 
modern art, this magnificently executed complex serves 
both as an individual church and as the National Center for 
America's Presbyterians. The center, completed in 1969, is 
set back on its spacious grounds, leaving room for a sunken 
garden with a sparkling fountain and the striking 173-foot 
(52.7-m) Tower of Faith. Made of Alabama limestone, the 
tower itself is a major attraction. Its carillon rings out with 
daily musicales from its 86 electric bells. Famed church ar- 
chitect Harold Wagner designed the mam sanctuary along 
classical lines. The principal point of interest is an Italian 
marble pulpit with a remarkably airy appearance despite its 
weight of 16 tons (14.5 MT). The smaller Chapel of the 
Presidents is set off with modern adaptations of traditional 
stained-glass windows honoring the memories of Presidents 
George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore and 
Franklin Roosevelt, Woodrow Wdson, and Dwight D. Eisen- 
hower. Open daily from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tours available 
upon request Monday-Saturday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. 
Closed holidays. 5U (JJ 

National Rifle Association Firearms Museum, 1600 Rhode 
Island Avenue, NW. This small but select museum in the 
headquarters of the National Rifle Association includes 
more than 1,500 firearms dating from the early 16th cen- 



tury to the present. The museum features a special Bicen- 
tennial display of the arms and accouterments of the Amer- 
ican, British, and Hessian troops during the Revolutionary 
period. Open daily from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Closed Easter, 
Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day. 0J (Cj 

The National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, 4th 

Street and Michigan Avenue, NE. (1-8, p. 63) The largest 
Roman Catholic church in America, and the seventh largest 
in the world, this tribute to the Virgin Mary is a masterful 
adaptation of Byzantine and Romanesque architecture. Just 
as medieval cathedrals were built without a steel skeleton or 
framework, the shrine is fashioned entirely of stone, brick, 
tile, and concrete. The crypt church was dedicated in 1926, 
but the upper church, which completes the shrine, was not 
dedicated until 1959. From the outside, the shrine is both 
massive in size and rich in detail. The Knight's Tower, 
which houses a superb 56-bell carillon, rises to 329 feet 
(100.3 m). The exterior is ornamented with pieces of sculp- 
ture and mosaics, including the brilliantly colored mosaic 
covering the Great Dome, with its five traditional symbols 
of Mary done in polychromatic tile. Built in the shape of a 
Latin cross, the shrine is centered on the huge sanctuary 
with 56 chapels scattered throughout. There are two basic 
levels. The upper church is marked by graceful, towering 
walls, while the crypt church captures the spirit of the 
Roman catacombs. The shrine is a storehouse of tapestries, 
marbles, statuary, and stained-glass windows. Among its 
greatest treasures are three magnificent mosaics: the huge 
"Christ in Majesty," in the north apse, and reproductions of 
Murillo's "Immaculate Conception" and Titian's "Assump- 
tion of the Virgin." The latter two mosaics were gifts to 
America from the Vatican. Open daily from 7 a.m. to 8 
p.m. Tours throughout the day. fjQ flj) (CJ 

National Zoological Park, 3000 block of Connecticut Ave- 
nue, NW. (1-3, p. 62) In 1890 the Smithsonian maintained a 
small menagerie of about 200 animals native to North 
America. Today the spacious, 167-acre (67.6-ha) wooded 
area of Rock Creek Valley maintains a collection of more 
than 2,000 creatures from all over the world, including a 
handsome pair of giant pandas from China and several mag- 
nificent white tigers from India. The best known American 
inhabitant is Smokey the Bear, the living symbol of forest 
fire prevention. Such familiar animals as sea lions, monkeys, 
elephants, and reptiles are represented, as well as such ex- 



11 



Food available in building (JJJ) Restrooms (X] Public Telephone 



left and center Roloc, Washington. D C . right National Zoological Park/Tom McHugh/Pholo Researchers 




The endearing Ling-Ling is the female of a pair of giant pan- 
das presented to the U.S. by China in 1972. Mohini Rewa, a 
rare white Bengal tigress, is one of five of her species at the 
zoo; sadly, only 30 exist in the world today. A great flight 
cage of plastic-covered steel mesh provides space for more 
than 200 birds, including a giant Peruvian coot. 




otic creatures as scimitar-horned oryxes from Africa, chee- 
tahs, golden marmosets, African bongos, and Galapagos tor- 
toises. There is a spectacular birdhouse where the birds fly 
freely in a walk-through outdoor cage. A new house for 
lions and tigers will open in 1976 along with new outdoor 
areas for large mammals and birds. Open daily. April-Sep- 
tember: grounds 6 a.m. to 8 p.m., animal houses 9 a.m. to 
6:30 p.m.; October-March: grounds 6 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., 
animal houses 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. CD (SB ED 

Navy Memorial Museum, Washington Navy Yard Main Gate 
at 9th and M Streets, SE. (B-9, p.61) Opened in 1963, this 
is the second largest museum in the Washington area (only 
the Smithsonian is larger). It is housed in a remodeled gun 
factory that was built in the 19th century. An addition in 
1899 made the building 10,000 feet (304.8 m) long-the 
longest in the world at that time. Currently, thousands of 
naval objects-ship models, weapons, portraits, maps, 
medals, flags, and special displays— are exhibited in the 
waterfront museum building and in two outdoor parks. The 
huge exhibit area, all on one level (no stairs to climb), con- 
tains military artifacts and accouterments depicting the his- 
tory of the U.S. Navy. A special Bicentennial exhibit in- 
cludes a variety of interesting items contributed by navies 
from all parts of the world. Open Monday-Friday from 9 
a.m. to 4 p.m. and Saturday, Sunday, and holidays from 10 
a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New 
Year's Dav. M 



Notre Dame Chapel, Trinity College, Michigan Avenue and 
Franklin Street, NE. (1-8, p.63) Often overlooked by tour- 
ists, this graceful, domed structure is one of the quiet de- 
lights of the city. The chapel, completed in 1924, combines 
classical and Byzantine elements and is located north of the 
main building on the Trinity College campus. The interior 
and the altar area are pleasantly simple, set off by stained- 
glass windows depicting scenes from Mary's life. Crowning 
the entire inside area is the 67-foot (20.4 m) dome. Above 
the altar a masterpiece of mosaic art, designed by Bancel 
La Farge, shows Christ and Mary surrounded by angels in a 
setting inspired by Dante's description of the "Earthly Para- 
dise" from Canto 29 of the "Purgatorio" section of his 
great poem The Divine Comedy. The mosaic was made in 
Munich, and the pieces numbered for installation here. 
Open daily from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. 

Petersen House (The House Where Lincoln Died),57t5 10th 
Street, NW. The doctors who examined President Abraham 
Lincoln after he was shot at Ford's Theatre on April 14, 
1865, ordered that he be moved to the nearest comfortable 
place. That proved to be a single bed in a first-floor bed- 
room of this modest brick boarding house, just across the 
street from the theater. Lincoln died here on the morning 
of April 15. The furnishings and fixtures of the restored 
first floor are similar to those that were in the house at the 
time of Lincoln's death. Open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. 
Closed Christmas. 



45 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS: WASHINGTON, D.C. 



The Phillips Collection, 1600 21st Street, NW. A handsome, 
turn-of-the-century mansion is an appropriate setting for 
this notable collection of art of the 19th and 20th centu- 
ries, reflecting the personal taste of connoisseur Duncan 
Phillips. Renoir's famous "Luncheon of a Boating Party" is 
on display along with works by Klee, Braque, Rouault, and 
Rothko. Afternoon concerts are held every Sunday at 5 
p.m. from September through May. Open Tuesday-Satur- 
day from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sunday from 2 to 7 p.m. 
Closed Independence Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas, and 
New Year's Day. HI® 

Rock Creek Park, North of the Zoological Park and West of 
16th Street, NW. (J-3, p.62) This park of some 1,754 acres 
(710.4 ha) runs 4 miles (6.4 km) along the banks of Rock 
Creek. The park has 70 picnic areas and 40 miles (64.4 km) 
of trails for hiking, horseback riding, and bicycling. Organ- 
ized recreation facilities include tennis courts, an 18-hole 
public golf course, and ball fields. The Rock Creek Nature 
Center, at Military and Glover Roads, NW., contains a hall 
featuring exhibits of animals, plants, and geological forma- 
tions, and a planetarium that offers daily programs. The 
Peirce Mill at Beach Drive and Tilden Streets, NW., is the 
last of the 19th-century grist mills along Rock Creek still in 
operation. From July through Labor Day the Carter Barron 
Amphitheater near 16th Street and Colorado Avenue offers 
nightly entertainment, featuring famous singers and popular 
country and other musical groups. Rock Creek Park is open 
daily from dawn to dark. Nature Center open Tuesday-Fri- 
day from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., Saturday and Sunday 
December-February from noon to 5 p.m. and Saturday and 
Sunday during the rest of the year from noon to 6 p.m. 
Peirce Mill open Wednesday-Sunday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. 
d® 

St. Mary's Episcopal Church, 728 23rd St., NW. Completed 
in 1887, St. Mary's was the first of two Episcopal churches 
in Washington built specifically for blacks. The red brick 
Victorian building was planned by James Renwick, who de- 
signed the original Smithsonian Institution. The congrega- 
tion of St. Mary's has maintained the building exactly as it 
was almost 90 years ago. The interior— with its patterned 
tile, red marble floor, brightly stenciled walls, and vaulted 
wood deck ceiling-is a delightful example of the Victori- 
an's love of rich detail. A window executed by Louis Com- 
fort Tiffany and three stained-glass windows from France 



depicting saints important to blacks are particularly strik- 
ing. Services Wednesday at 12:40 p.m. and Sunday at 8, 
9: 30, and 11 a.m. HI® 

St. Matthew's Cathedral, 1727 Rhode Island Avenue, NW. 
This handsome Roman Catholic cathedral was formally 
dedicated in 1913 but the first Mass had been celebrated 
here in 1895. Designed by New York architect C. Grant La 
Farge in Renaissance style, the dark-red brick and sand- 
stone structure is noted for the striking mosaics, marbles, 
murals, and frescoes that adorn the interior. Its many chap- 
els are exceptionally beautiful, including the Blessed Sacra- 
ment Chapel, The Lady Chapel, The Marriage Chapel, St. 
Anthony's Chapel, and St. Francis' Chapel. Heads of state 
from all over the world assembled here to attend the funer- 
al of President John F. Kennedy. Open daily from 7 a.m. to 
7 p.m. Masses Sunday at 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11:30 a.m., 12:45, 
5:30, and 6:30 p.m. (in Spanish). Masses Monday-Saturday 
at 7, 7:30, and 8 a.m., 12:10 and 5:30 p.m. In September- 
June the 10 a.m. service is a Latin sung mass. Sffi 

St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Rock Creek Parish, Rock 
Creek Church Road and Webster Street, NW. This ivy-cov- 
ered, Flemish brick structure was completed in 1775, and 
its stained-glass windows are particularly beautiful. The 
sanctuary windows trace the development of the Holy Eu- 
charist from Old Testament sacrificial celebrations to the 
Last Supper, and depict the first celebration of Holy Com- 
munion by settlers in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. The ad- 
joining cemetery is one of the oldest in the city, and many 
famous figures in our history are buried there. One feature 
of the cemetery is the memorial to the wife of Henry 
Brooks Adams, 19th-century biographer and historian. 
Made by Augustus Saint-Gaudens of marble and bronze, the 
memorial was once described by Alexander Woollcott as 
"the most beautiful thing ever fashioned by the hand of 
man on this continent." Open daily by request from 9 a.m. 
to 5 p.m. Services Sunday at 8, 9:30, and 11 a.m. ^ ® 

The Textile Museum, 2320 S Street, NW. This splendid spe- 
cialized museum offers a series of changing exhibits of 
handmade rugs and textiles of non-European origin. The 
permanent collection of 800 rugs and 9,000 textiles in- 
cludes examples of master craftsmanship ranging from 
ancient Peru and Turkey to India. Open Tuesday-Saturday 
from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed holidays, gjj ® 



46 



QQ Food available in building 5U Restrooms ® Public Telephone 



Thomas Jefferson Memorial 

East Basin Drive, NW. (C-5, p.60) 

Framed by cherry trees that burst into bloom every spring, 
this memorial beautifully reflects the true essence of the 
man for which it is named. The graceful, domed building is 
the architectural shape most favored by Jefferson, who 
used it in the design of his own home, Monticello. His hero- 
ic statue, executed by Rudolph Evans, depicts Jefferson 
standing before the committee appointed by the Continen- 
tal Congress to draft the Declaration of Independence. In- 
scribed on four panels along the interior walls are selections 
from Jefferson's most cherished writings on liberty includ- 
ing this: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all 
men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Crea- 
tor with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are 
Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." In 1912 the 
city of Tokyo presented some 3,000 Japanese flowering 
cherry trees to the city of Washington. The most dramatic 
remembrance of this generous gift can be found here 
around the Tidal Basin. The trees are usually in flower in 
early to mid-April, depending on the weather. Open daily 
from 8 a.m. to midnight, fflj) (3 





Heroic statue of Thomas Jef- 
ferson dwarfs a visitor to the 
memorial. The bronze figure 
is 19 feet (5.8 m) tall and 
stands on a pedestal of black 
Minnesota granite that con- 
trasts with the walls of white 
Georgia marble. 



Mill and Joan Mann/Tom Slack Associates 



Templelike with its dome and 
columns, the classic Jefferson 
Memorial (left) dominates the 
south bank of the Tidal Ba- 
sin. The memorial, completed 
in 1943, was designed by 
John Russell Pope, Otto R. 
Eggers, and Daniel P. Higgins. 
The statue of Jefferson can 
be seen from many angles 
through the four colonnaded 
openings. The memorial is 
most dramatic when illumin- 
ated at night. 

47 




Soaring Gothic spires and outstanding stained-glass win- 
dows designed in French medieval style adorn the South 
Transept of the Washington National Cathedral. 

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 7th 

and D Streets, SW. (C-6, p.61) In the lobby of the main 
building there will be a special Bicentennial exhibit to ex- 
plain the detads of a nationwide recognition program caded 
Horizons on Display. The purpose of the program, spon- 
sored by the Department of Housing and Urban Develop- 
ment and the American Revolution Bicentennial Adminis- 
tration, is to publicize successful examples of community 
development in such areas as preservation, environmental 
quality, transportation, communications, health, recreation, 
and racial and ethnic cooperation in the hope that other 
communities will follow suit. Open Monday-Friday from 9 
a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed holidays. 

U.S. Department of Transportation, 400 7th Street, SW. 
(C-6, p.61) Completed in 1971, this block-long, strikingly 
modern structure is built around an interior courtyard at- 
tractively landscaped with fountains and greenery. The De- 
partment of Transportation is the newest Cabinet-level 
agency, and there are now about 6,000 Federal workers em- 
ployed here. The building contains a permanent informa- 



tion and exhibit center to keep the public informed about 
the work done by the Department. Open Monday-Friday 
from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Q 

U.S. National Arboretum, 24th and R Street NE. Among 
the highlights of tins beautiful 415-acre (168.1-ha) preserve 
are the collection of dwarf conifers; the bonsai in the Japa- 
nese garden; and the colorful masses of azalea, rhododen- 
dron, and dogwood that bloom during April and May. Open 
April-October, Monday -Friday from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m., Sat- 
urday and Sunday from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.; November- 
March, Monday-Friday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Saturday and 
Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed Christmas. (JU (Cj 

Washington National Cathedral, Massachusetts and Wiscon- 
sin Avenues, NW. (1-1, p. 62) This massive national Episco- 
pal cathedral, dedicated to Sts. Peter and Paul and situated 
on the highest ground in Washington, is one of the most 
prominent structures on the city's skyline. Modeled after 
the great cathedrals of the 14th century, it has been under 
construction since 1907. The interior was completed in the 
spring of 1976, but the giant twin towers wdl not be put in 
place until 1980. The magnificent Gothic creation, budt in 
the shape of a cross, is dominated by the Gloria in Excelsis 
Tower, which soars 301 feet (91.7 m) in the air and is fitted 
out with both a 53-bell carillon and a 10-bell ring of the 
kind used in the Middle Ages for change ringing. The bells 
of Washington Cathedral are among the most memorable 




Nostalgia-filled library in the Woodrow Wilson House seems 
to be waiting for the late President to return to the spot 
where he loved to read or to play records on his Victrola. 



48 



QQ Food available in building (JJJ) Restrooms Public Telephone 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS: WASHINGTON, D.C.-VIRGINIA 



sounds of the city. Inside the church the impressive center 
area is set off by a series of beautiful chapels, including the 
exquisite Children's Chapel. The Bishop's Garden, entered 
through a 12th-century Norman arch, is filled with herbs 
and flowers during most of the year. Open daily from 9 
a.m. to 6 p.m. Chapel of the Good Shepherd open continu- 
ously. Services Sunday at 8. 9, and 11 a.m., and 4 p.m., 
Monday-Saturday at 7:30 a.m., noon, and 4 p.m. 125 (TJ 

Woodrow Wilson House, 2340 S Street, NW. When Presi- 
dent Woodrow Wilson left the White House on the day of 
Warren G. Harding's inauguration in 1921, he moved into 
this Georgian Revival townhouse and lived here until he 
died three years later. His widow, Edith Boiling Wilson,con- 
tinued to live in the house for almost 40 years. At her death 
in 1961 she bequeathed the property to the National Trust 
for Historic Preservation. Wilson's memory pervades the 
book-lined library where the worn chair that was his favor- 
ite stands by the fireside. Preservation Shop, where souve- 
nirs are sold, is located in Mrs. Wilson's trunk room. Open 
daily from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; adults $1.25, students and 
senior citizens, 60<t. Closed Christmas. (flS 

VIRGINIA 

Alexandria (p. 64) 

Like Georgetown across the Potomac, Alexandria was a 
busy river port and tobacco center in the days before the 
Revolution. It was George Washington's hometown, and 
traces of his life are everywhere along the quiet streets of 
this charming southern city. The pharmacy, the tavern, and 
the family church are all preserved as they were when Wash- 
ington started drilling the first provincial troops on Market 
Square. With its fairly level terrain, Alexandria is an ex- 
tremely pleasant place for walking tours. Gentry Row, in 
the 200 block of Prince Street, has a substantial number of 
18th- and 19th-century houses, where many early American 
Patriots lived. Captain's Row, a block below, is lined with 
handsome homes built by prosperous sea captains back in 
the days when the city was a port. 

Athenaeum, 201 Prince Street. The Northern Virginia 
Fine Arts Association maintains an art gallery here which 
offers a variety of exhibits. The structure itself, a handsome 
example of the Greek revival style, was built as a banking 
house about 1850 and complements the 18th- and l ( 'th- 




Tree-shaded 18th-century churchyard is a peaceful guardian 
for Christ Church in Alexandria, which was designed in the 
Georgian style by James Wren before the Revolution. 

century homes on the Captain's Row and Gentry Row. 
Open Tuesday-Saturday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and Sunday 
from 1 to 4 p.m. Closed in August. 

Carlyle House, 121 North Fairfax Street. This spacious 
brick home was known in its day as the grandest mansion in 
Alexandria. Built in 1752 by the prosperous Scottish mer- 
chant John Carlyle for his bride, Sara Fairfax, it has recent- 
ly been restored to its former grandeur. In 1755 Gen. Ed- 
ward Braddock, commander in chief of all British forces in 
North America, met in this house with five British Gover- 
nors to make plans for the French and Indian War. Out of 
that meeting came what the colonists called "taxation with- 
out representation," a grievance that struck the spark that 
fired the American Revolution. Open Monday-Saturday 
from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sunday from noon to 5 p.m. 
Adults, $1.00, children, 50$. Closed Thanksgiving, Christ- 
mas, and New Year 's Day. 

Christ Church, Cameron and North Washington Streets. 
This charming English country-style church was built of na- 
tive brick and stone in 177.-!. It was the family church of 
both the Washington and Lee families, and their pews have 
been preserved as memorials. Six U.S. Presidents have wor- 



49 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS: VIRGINIA 



sliiped here. Open Monday-Saturday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. 
and Sunday from 2 to 5 p.m. Sunday services at 8 and 
10:30 a.m. 

Fort Ward Park, 4301 West Braddock Road. Immediate- 
ly after Virginia's secession from the Union, Federal troops 
moved across the Potomac, seized the high ground near 
Alexandria, and put up three forts to form the defense per- 
imeter of the Capital. That historic site is now a camping 
and recreation area. One of the bastions in the park has 
been restored and includes a Civil War Museum, which 
houses an outstanding collection of artifacts from the War 
Between the States. The reconstruction was done from a 
Mathew Brady photograph. Park open daily from 9 a.m. to 
dark. Museum open Monday-Saturday from 9 a.m. to 5 
p.m. and Sunday from noon to 5 p.m. Closed Tlianksgiving 
and Christmas. B8 

Friendship Fire Engine Company, 707 South Alfred 
Street. A volunteer fire company was organized here in 
1774. Its first fire engine was a personal gift from George 
Washington, himself a member of the company. Washington 
always maintained an interest in fire fighting. In 1799, the 
last year of his life, he watched a fire in Alexandria that he 
felt was not being handled spiritedly enough. "Why are you 
idle, gentlemen?" he asked. "It is your business to lead in 
such matters." The 67-year-old former President then 
stepped forward and personally manned the pump. Wash- 




Historic little fire engine on view at Friendship Fire Engine 
Company, Alexandria, saw action there from 1 775 until the 
1840's. Two men pulled it; two others pushed. 



ington's original gift is on display along with several other 
examples of early fire-fighting equipment. Open Tuesday- 
Saturday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Adults 50^. 

Gadsby's Tavern, 134 North Royal Street. A gem of 
Georgian architecture, this congenial 18th-century tavern 
was a popular meeting place during the colonial era. Thom- 
as Jefferson, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, and the 
Marquis de Lafayette all dined here; George and Martha 
Washington frequently danced in the second-floor ballroom 
to music played from a hanging gallery. The tavern has re- 
cently been restored as an historic museum, furnished with 
antiques of the period and as a working restaurant serving 
food in the colonial tradition. Museum open daily 10 a.m. 
to 5 p.m.; adults, $1; children, 50t GD HE 

George Washington Bicentennial Center, 201 South 
Washington Street. Located in an imposing 19th-century 
Greek Revival building, the Center offers a dramatic repre- 
sentation of life in Northern Virginia at the time of the 
Revolution. A display of colonial tools, furniture, and 
clotlung is augmented by a movie, wliich helps to give the 
visitor a vivid picture of the area and the times. The Center 
operates as a tourist facility for people traveling in Virginia, 
and offers State maps, brochures, and assistance in making 
accommodations. Open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed 
Tlianksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day. HE (3 

George Washington Masonic National Memorial, King 
Street and Callahan Drive. The Masonic Fraternity of the 
United States erected this massive Greek-style temple as an 
expression of their love and respect for the most famous 
Mason of them all. Actively involved in the Freemasonry 
movement (as were such other Patriot leaders as Benjamin 
Franklin, John Hancock, and Paul Revere), Washington 
took the Presidential oath of office using a Masonic Bible. 
A heroic 17-foot (5.2-m) statue of Washington, by Bryant 
Baker, stands in the Great Hall of the Memorial. The muse- 
um contains an extensive collection of Washington memora- 
bilia, with special emphasis on those items connected with 
his Masonic activities. Among the principal attractions are 
Washington's family Bible and his bodyguard flag. The me- 
morial also has an array of Masonic exhibits, including a 
mechanically powered replica of a Shriner's parade with 
more than 1,100 figures. Open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. 
Closed Tlianksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's Day.M S 



50 



I Food available in building (JJJ) Restrooms [Q Public Telephone 




Robert E. Lee, who lived in this house in his early years, was among the many outstanding 
Virginians who patronized the Stabler-Leadbeater Apothecary Shop (right). 




Lee-Fendall House, 429 North Washington Street. The 
women of the Lee family seemed to hold a constant attrac- 
tion for Philip Richard FendaJl. His first wife was Ids cousin 
Lettice Lee of Maryland. His second wife was the mother of 
Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee's first wife, and Ins third 
wife was Harry's sister. Fendall built this gracious mansion 
in 1785 and George Washington was a frequent guest here. 
The mansion honors Light Horse Harry, the commander of 
the Revolution. Open Monday-Saturday from 10 a.m. to 5 
p.m. and Sunday from noon to 5 p.m. Closed Christmas 
and New Year's Day. Adults, $1, children, 504. 5G) 

Old Presbyterian Meeting House, 321 South Fairfax 
Street. Built by the Scottish founders of Alexandria in 
1774, this church was one of the principal meeting places 
for the colonial Patriots in the turbulent days before the 
Revolution. In 1799 funeral services for George Washington 
were held here when the roads to Christ Church were im- 
passable. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the Revolu- 
tion stands in the church cemetery. Open Monday-Friday 
from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., Saturday from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 
Sunday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Services Sunday at 11 a.m. 

Ramsay House Visitors Center, 221 King Street. This is 
the oldest house in Alexandria. It was built near the Poto- 
mac River in 1724 by William Ramsay and was moved to its 
present site in 1749. The official visitors center for Alexan- 
dria, this charming frame house offers a free, 15-minute ori- 
entation film, as well as a guide to restaurants, hotels, and 
shops; a calendar of events; and an excellent brochure fea- 
turing a map of Alexandria and suggested walking tours. 



Visitors also receive passes for periods of free parking. Open 
daily from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed Thanksgiving, Cltrist- 
mas, and New Year's Day. (38 

Robert E. Lee Boyhood Home, 607 Oronoco Street. 
This is the home of Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee, the 
gallant cavalry commander of the American Revolution. It 
was here that young Robert E. Lee, Light Horse Harry's 
son, first determined to follow in his father's footsteps. The 
house, which was built in 1795, has been restored and fur- 
nished with rare antiques and memorabilia of the various 
members of the Lee family of Virginia. The American sire 
of the Lees was Richard E. Lee, who in 1641 emigrated to 
Virginia, where he became a wealthy planter. Two Lee de- 
scendants, Richard Henry Lee and Francis Lightfoot Lee, 
were signers of the Declaration of Independence. In review- 
ing the accomplishments of the Lee dynasty, John Adams 
remarked that they produced "more men of merit . . . than 
any other family ." Open Monday-Saturday from 10 a.m. to 
4 p.m. and Sunday from noon to 4 p.m. Closed December 
15-Febmary 1. Adults $1, children, 50<f. (JU 

Stabler-Leadbeater Apothecary Shop, 107 South Fairfax 
Street. The local drugstore for George Washington, Robert 
E. Lee, Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and John Calhoun, this 
apothecary shop is maintained exactly as it was when Ed- 
ward Stabler first opened it in 1792. None of the original 
furnishings and glassware have been replaced. This unique 
museum also houses a remarkable collection of early medi- 
cal wares and hand-blown glass containers. Open Monday- 
Saturday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. 



51 



Arlington National Cemetery 

Memorial Avenue, across the Arlington 
Memorial Bridge (B&C-l , p.60) 

There is no place in America where our sometimes turbu- 
lent history is recalled with such solemn grandeur. With 
very few exceptions, this is a military burial ground, the fi- 
nal resting place of men who fought in one or more Ameri- 
can conflicts. Many of the Nation's greatest figures are 
buried here, but all were eligible only because of their mili- 
tary service. The graves of such men as Adm. Richard Byrd, 
Adm. William Halsey, Chief Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
President John F. Kennedy, Gen. George Marshall, Robert 
Peary, iGen. Philip Sheridan, and President William Howard 
Taft are here. Great monuments commemorate some; 
others, like Gen. John "Black Jack" Pershing, have no spe- 
cial marker. Several special monuments in the 1,100-acre 
(445.5-ha) cemetery attract special attention, including the 
inspiring Argonne Cross dedicated to the dead of World War 
I and the Confederate Monument surrounded by the head- 
stones of 400 Southern soldiers. The Fort Myer Chapel, 
where military funerals are held, is particularly beautiful. 
Open daily November-March from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. and the 
rest of the year from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. (38 (3 

ARLINGTON HOUSE, THE ROBERT E. LEE 
MEMORIAL. It was in this gracious home overlooking the 
Potomac that Robert E. Lee came to the agonizing decision 
to abandon the Union and offer his services to Virginia. 
Formerly known as the Custis-Lee Mansion, it was Lee's 
home and the place to which his affec- 
tions were most closely tied. Today it is 
one of the most charming of all the pre- 
served homes in the Washington area. The 
spacious and delightfully sunny house 
and the original furnishings have all been 
carefully restored. Open daily October- 
March from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and 
the rest of the year from 9:30 a.m. to 6 
p.m. Closed Christmas Day. SB) © 

TOMB OF THE UNKNOWN SOL- 
DIER. Set in a Roman-style marble 
amphitheater, this is the centerpiece of 
Arlington National Cemetery. The origi- 
nal tomb, containing the remains of an 
unidentified soldier taken from a World 
War I battlefield cemetery in France, was 
dedicated on Armistice Day 1921. Sub- An eternal flame 
sequently, the remains of two unknown c) f President John 
soldiers from World War II and one from interred here Marc 





Ever vigilant, a member of The Old Guard, the oldest active 
infantry unit of the U.S. Army, paces past the Tomb of the 
Unknown Soldier. His 21 steps symbolize highest salute. 

Korea have been laid to rest in this inspiring setting. A per- 
petual honor guard now watches over the monument. Sim- 
ple but impressive services are held here on Easter Sunday, 
Memorial Day, and Veterans' Day. Open daily April- 
October from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. and the rest of the year from 
8 a.m. to 5 p.m. (38 (3 

THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS WAR MEMO- 
RIAL AND NETHERLANDS CARILLON, at the North 
End of the Cemetery, fust off Marshall Drive. The spirit of 
this memorial to all Marines who have given their lives in 
the defense of the United States was aptly summed up by 
Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz. "Uncommon valor was a 
common virtue," he said, paying tribute to the Marines who 
stormed the beaches of Iwo Jima in 1945. 
This massive statue by Felix de Weldon 
depicts the dramatic moment, captured in 
a famous photograph by Joe Rosenthal, 
when five Marines and a Navy hospital 
corpsman raised the American flag on 
Mount Suribachi. Open daily. 

The 49-bell carillon, a finely crafted 
modern version of an ancient bell tower, 
was a spontaneous expression of gratitude 
from the people of the Netherlands to 
America for the help given during and fol- 
lowing World War II. It was officially ded- 
icated on May 5, 1960, the 15th anniver- 
sary of the liberation of the Netherlands. 
The bells ring out hourly during the day, 
and various melodies are played dady at 

, noon and 6 p.m. Carillon concerts are of- 

burns in memory r 

F. Kennedy, re- fered during the spring and summer. 
h 14, 1967. Open daily. 



52 




Struggle and triumph are cast in this huge bronze Ma- 
rine Corps War Memorial. The cloth flag flies perpetu- 
ally from 60-foot (18.3-m) flagpole. 




The grand portico at Arlington House looks out on 
the Potomac. The stucco-covered brick structure is 
painted to give the appearance of marble. 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS: VIRGINIA 

Dulles International Airport, 26 miles (41.8 km) west of 
the White House. This vast international airport, spread out 
over 10,000 acres (4,050 ha), opened in November 1962. 
The main terminal building and control tower were de- 
signed by the late, famed architect Eero Saarinen. Saarinen 
called Dulles "the best thing I've ever done." His striking 
and imaginative design seems to suggest the essence of 
flight. Mobile lounges transport passengers between the ter- 
minal and the aircraft. By reducing the access space each 
flight needs at the terminal to the width of the mobile 
lounge— as compared to the space required to park the air- 
craft itself— the design avoids the seemingly endless corri- 
dors typical of other large airports. The terminal contains 
many shops and services, including a duty-free shop. Open 
continuously. CD (SB CS 

Great Falls Park, 9200 Old Dominion Drive, Great Falls, 
Virginia, (p. 64) This 800-acre (324-ha) park on the Poto- 
mac River contains some of the most scenic one-day hiking 
trails and picnic spots in the Washington area. The principal 
attractions are a spectacular 76-foot (23.2-m) waterfall cas- 
cading over a massive rock outcropping, and the ruins of 
the old "Patowmack Canal," which was designed by George 
Washington and originally served the river boatmen skirting 
the falls. A visitor center offers orientation films on week- 
ends and special exhibits all year. Open daily from 8 a.m. to 
dark; 50$ parking fee for car. Closed Christmas, flj) 

Gunston Hall Plantation, Lorton, Virginia. Below Mount 
Vernon on the Potomac River, this magnificent 600-acre 
(243-ha) estate is a fitting memorial to the taste of its own- 
er, George Mason, whom Thomas Jefferson called "the 
wisest man of his generation." A wealthy planter and the 
fiercest of libertarians, Mason wrote the Fairfax Resolves 
and the Virginia Bill of Rights. These became the basis of 
the Federal Bill of Rights, which was incorporated into the 
U.S. Constitution. The interiors of this impressive brick 
structure are among the finest to be seen anywhere in 
America. The Chippendale dining room reflects the influ- 
ence of the China trade popular with prosperous colonials, 
and the carved woodwork in the Palladian drawing room is 
particularly striking. The extensive boxwood gardens, once 
the envy of neighboring plantation owners, have been me- 
ticulously restored to their original appearance. Open daily 
from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Adults, $2; students, 6-16 years 
old, 504. Closed Christmas. gQ) © 



Food available in building (JjJ) Restrooms (X] Public Telephone 



53 



$Pf^ 




The handsome two-story por- 
tico on the east front was 
probably designed by Wash- 
ington himself. The mansion's 
final embellishment, the 
weather vane, was added in 
1787. In the parterre garden 
(below) are reconstructions 
of the original outbuildings. 



Mount Vernon, Home of George Washington 

Mount Vernon, Virginia (p. 64) 

Washington spent his happiest days on this plantation. He 
lived on this land as a young child, and again later with his 
half brother, Lawrence, who named the estate "Mount Ver- 
non" in honor of Edward Vernon, the British admiral with 
whom he had served in the Caribbean. In 1754 George 
Washington purchased the estate from his brother's widow 
and started enlarging and improving the house and property 
overlooking the Potomac. 

In 1759 Washington married Martha Custis, a widow 
with two children, and he and his new family lived the 
pleasant life of Southern planters here until 1775, when he 
was appointed Commander in Chief of the Continental 
Army. It was not until Christmas Eve in 1783 that he could 
again return to live in the place he loved. In 1789 he was 
once more called upon to serve his country— this time as its 
first President. He returned to Mount Vernon in 1797, two 
years before his death. 

In 1858 the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the 
Union was organized by Ann Pamela Cunningham to pur- 
chase, refurbish, and maintain the mansion, outbuildings, 
wharf, and some 500 acres (202 ha) of the land. Open daily 
March-September from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and the rest of the 
year from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.; adults, $1.50; children, 75 'j. 
A sound and light show is being presented nightly at 9 p.m. 
until September 6, 1976; admission $1.50. Sj) © 



54 




In this bedroom, George Washington died. Despite various 
proposals to move his remains to the U.S. Capitol, he and 
his wife, Martha, are buried at Mount Vernon as he wished. 
Mount Vernon's kitchen (below) is furnished with utensils 
of the period, some of which were Washington's own. 




OTHER ATTRACTIONS: VIRGINIA-MARYLAND 



The Pentagon, off Route 1-95, Arlington, Virginia. (B-3, 
p.60) The "world's largest office building," as it was called 
when it was first constructed during the dark days of World 
War II, is actually one of the wonders of the architectural 
world, if a sometimes confusing one because of its unusual 
five-sided shape. The entire structure, which contains some 
3.7 million square feet (343,741 ha) of office space, was 
built in only 19 months from the day President Franklin D. 
Roosevelt first authorized its construction in 1941. Today 
about 26,000 employees work there. Tours Monday-Friday 
from 9 a.m. to 3:15 p.m. Closed Federal holidays. For tour 
reservations call (202) 695-1 776. 

Theodore Roosevelt Island, Arlington, Virginia. An 88-acre 
(35.6-ha) island in the Potomac River, this living memorial 
commemorates Theodore Roosevelt's love of nature. A he- 
roic statue of the 26th President stands at the place where 
he often sought refuge from the pressures of his office. To- 
day bird watchers especially enjoy the island's 2 miles (3.2 
km) of walking trails. It is accessible by footbridge from the 
parking lot on the Virginia shore. Open daily from 8 a.m. 
until dark. ffl\ 

Turkey Run Farm, McLean, Virginia. Maintained as a mod- 
el working farm, Turkey Run re-creates the day-to-day exis- 
tence on a low-income farm of northern Virginia during the 
days before the Revolution. Costumed guides give demon- 
strations of the tools and techniques used by farmers of 
that period. Open from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. on Wednes- 
day-Sunday March-December and on Friday-Sunday during 
the rest of the year. Closed Federal holidays except Memo- 
rial Day, the Fourth of July, and Labor Day. 

Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts, 1551 Trap 
Road, Vienna, Virginia. Situated in the rolling hills of Vir- 
ginia only 25 minutes west of the White House, Wolf Trap 
is the first National Park in the United States that is dedi- 
cated to the performing arts. Programs in the Filene Center, 
one of the most technically advanced theaters in the coun- 
try, are designed to suit a variety of interests. The best in 
opera, dance, symphony, jazz, musical theater, and popular 
artists are presented here. The Wolf Trap Company provides 
young artists with an opportunity to work with profession- 
als. The theater seats 3,500 under cover and 3,000 on the 
natural amphitheater lawn area. Pre-performance picnics on 
the lawns are encouraged, and with advance reservations 



both box lunches and buffet suppers are available in the 
dinner tent. Group rates are available. For information 
write Wolf Trap Foundation, 1624 Trap Road, Vienna. 
Virginia 22180, or call (703) 938-3810. Open early June 
through early September. (J|J) (TJ 

Woodlawn and Pope-Leighey Houses, Mount Vernon, Vir- 
ginia. (p.64) A pair of houses, reflecting architectural styles 
almost 150 years apart, share the grounds of a portion of 
George Washington's original estate. Originally, Woodlawn 
was the home of Eleanor Custis Lewis, Washington's step- 
granddaughter, and of his nephew Maj. Lawrence Lewis. By 
1851 the mansion and lands were owned by the John Ma- 
son family, whose members contributed much to education 
and the social and civic welfare of Northern Virginia. The 
Pope-Leighey House, built in 1940 under the direction of 
architect Frank Lloyd Wright, is an example of Wright's at- 
tempt to bring the qualities of superior design to medium- 
income housing. Both houses are properties of the National 
Trust for Historic Preservation. Woodlawn open daily from 
9:30 cum, to 4:30 p.m. Closed Christmas. Pope-Leighey 
House open Saturday and Sunday March 1-November 30 
from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Admission to either house: 
adults, $1.25; children, students, and senior citizens, 60?. 
Combination ticket: adults, $2; children, students, and sen- 
ior citizens, $1. SB 

MARYLAND 

Clara Barton National Historic Site, 5801 Oxford Road, 
Glen Echo, Maryland, (p.64) Dedicated to the memory of 
Clara Barton, this unusual house served both as her home 
and as the headquarters of the American Red Cross, which 
she founded. The house, now owned by the National Park 
Service and fitted out with railed galleries, is an excellent 
example of that particular architectural style called Missis- 
sippi Steamboat Gothic, which was much favored by mid- 
Victorians. The house has many furnishings typical of the 
period, as well as memorabilia from Miss Barton's life. Open 
Tuesday-Sunday from 1 to 5 p.m. Closed holidays and holi- 
day weekends. For information and group appointments 
call (301) 320-5717. M 

Fort Washington Park, at the west end of Fort Washington 
Road, from Indian Head Highway, (p.64) This battlement 
on the Potomac River, across and up the river from Mount 



Qi} Food available in building (JJJ) Restrooms {Q Public Telephone 55 



OTHER ATTRACTIONS: MARYLAND 



Vernon, is an excellent example of a typical early- 19th- 
century coastal defense outpost. The original fort was 
burned during the War of 1812, and the present structure 
was completed in 1824. The cannon on display date from 
the Civil War. Open daily April-September from 8:30 a.m. 
to 7 p.m. and the rest of the year from 8: 30 a.m. to 5 p.m. 
Park closes at dusk. (38 

Great Falls Tavern (Crommelin House), Chesapeake and 
Ohio Canal National Historical Park, Great Falls, Maryland. 
(p.64) This historic tavern, about 10 miles (16 km) west of 
Washington, was one of the early stopovers on the old Ches- 
apeake and Ohio Canal route to Cumberland, Maryland. To- 
day it is preserved as a museum, recalling life along the can- 
al in the 19th century. The waterway, which runs adjacent 



to the tavern, is one of the best preserved canal sites in 
America. The original dam constructed near the tavern in 
the early 1800's is still used. The nearby Washington Aque- 
duct, considered an engineering wonder when it was com- 
pleted in 1857, is still intact. Tavern open daily from 9 a.m. 
to 5 p.m. Closed Christmas. Park closes at sundown. Oj) © 

Greenbelt Park, 6501 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, Mary- 
land, (p. 64) This 1,100-acre (44 1.5 -ha) woodland area, just 
outside Washington, offers overnight camping facilities as 
well as hiking trails and picnic areas. The popular camp- 
grounds are usually filled by nightfall. Visitors wishing to 
camp overnight should arrive by noon. No reservations are 
accepted. Campgrounds open continuously. Picnic areas 
open from 8 a.m. to dark. ED © 



Index 



A 



African Ait, Museum of, 12 
Agriculture, U. S. Department of, 19 
Air and Space Museum, National, 21 
Alexandria, Virginia 49-5 1 

Athenaeum 

Carlyle House 

Christ Church 

Fort Ward Park 

Friendship Fire Engine Company 

Gadsby's Tavern 

George Washington Bicentennial Center 

George Washington Masonic National 
Memorial 

Lee-Fendall House 

Old Presbyterian Meeting House 

Ramsay House Visitors Center 

Robert E. Lee Boyhood Home 

Stabler-Leadbeater Apothecary Shop 
American National Red Cross, The, 35 
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum, 37 
Aquarium, The National, in The 

Department of Commerce Building, 36 
Aquatic Gardens, Kenilworth, 42 
Arboretum, U.S. National, 48 
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee 

Memorial (Arlington National 
Cemetery), 52 



Arlington National Cemetery, 52 

Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee 

Memorial 
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier 
United States Marine Corps War 

Memorial 
Netherlands Carillon 
Armed Forces Medical Museum, 37 
Arts and Industries Building, 20 
Athenaeum (Alexandria, Va.), 49 



B 



Barton, Clara, National Historic Site 

(Maryland), 55 
Blair House, 33 
B'nai B'rith Museum, 37 
Botanic Garden, U. S., 10 
Bureau of Engraving and Printing, 19 



c 



Cannon House Office Building, 10 
Capitol, U. S., 7 

Capitol Hill Presbyterian Church, 37 
Carlyle House (Alexandria, Va.), 49 
Carroll, John, Statue (Georgetown 

University), 40 
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National 

Historical Park, 37 
Christ Church (Alexandria, Va.), 49 
Christ Church, Washington Parish, 37 
City Post Office, 6 
Clara Barton National Historic Site 

(Maryland), 55 
Commerce, U. S. Department of, 

Building (The National Aquarium), 36 



Constitution Gardens, 18 
Corcoran Gallery of Art, 34 
Court House, U. S., 22 
Court of Claims, U. S., 36 
Court of Customs and Patent Appeals 36 
Crommelin House, now Great Falls 
Tavern (Maryland), 56 



D 



Daughters of the American Revolution 

National Society Headquarters, 35 
Constitution Hall 
DAR Memorial Continental Hall 
DAR Museum 
Decatur House, 32 
Departments of Government, see U. S. 

Departments of 
Dirksen, Everett McKinley, Office 

Building (Senate), 13 
Douglass, Frederick, Memorial Home, 39 
Dulles International Airport 

(Virginia), 53 
Dumbarton House (Georgetown), 39 
Dumbarton Oaks (Georgetown), 39 
Dumbarton United Methodist Church 

(Georgetown), 39 



E 



Ellipse, The, 36 

Engraving and Printing, Bureau of, 19 

Everett McKinley Dirksen Office 

Building (Senate), 13 
Executive Office Building, 33 
Executive Office Building, New, 32 
Explorers Hall, 38 



56 



INDEX 



Federal Bureau of Investigation, 22 
Festival of American Folklife, 18 
Folger Shakespeare Library, 12 
Ford's Theatre, 38 

Fort Ward Park (Alexandria, Va.), 50 
Fort Washington Park (Maryland), 55 
Franciscan Monastery, 38 
Frederick Douglass Memorial Home, 39 
Freer Gallery of Art, 20 
Friendship Fire Engine Company 
(Alexandria, Va.), 50 



G 



Gadsby's Tavern 

(Alexandria, Va.), 50 
George Washington Bicentennial Center 

(Alexandria, Va.), 50 
George Washington Masonic National 

Memorial (Alexandria, Va.), 50 
Georgetown, 39-41 

Dumbarton House 

Dumbarton Oaks 

Dumbarton United Methodist Church 

Georgetown Presbyterian Church 

Georgetown University 
John Carroll Statue 
Healy Building 
Old North Building 

Grace Episcopal Church 

Holy Trinity Catholic Church 

Old Stone House 

St. John's Church 
Georgetown Presbyterian Church 

(Georgetown), 40 
Georgetown University (Georgetown), 40 

John Carroll Statue 

Healy Building 

Old North Building 
Grace Episcopal Church 

(Georgetown), 40 
Great Falls Park (Virginia), 53 
Great Falls Tavern , formerly 

Crommelin House (Maryland), 56 
Greenbelt Park (Maryland), 56 
Gunston Hall Plantation (Virginia), 53 



H 



Health, Education and Welfare, U. S. 
Department of, 22 

Healy Building (Georgetown University), 40 

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, 20 

Holy Trinity Catholic Church 
(Georgetown), 40 

House of Representatives, The 

Cannon House Office Building, 10 
Longworth House Office Building, 10 
Rayburn House Office Building, 10 



House Where Lincoln Died, The (Petersen 

House), 45 
Housing and Urban Development, U. S. 

Department of, 48 



UK 



Interior, U. S. Department of, 35 
Islamic Center, The, 41 
Jefferson Memorial, Thomas, 47 
John F. Kennedy Center for the 

Performing Arts, The, 41 
Justice, U. S. Department of, 23 
Kenilworth Aquatic Gardens, 42 
Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, 

The John F., 41 
King, Martin Luther, Memorial Library, 42 



L 



Labor, U. S. Department of, 6 

Lafayette Park, 32 

Lee, Robert E., Boyhood Home 

(Alexandria, Va.), 51 
Lee-Fendall House (Alexandria, Va.), 51 
Library of Congress, 1 1 
Lightship Chesapeake, 42 
Lincoln Memorial, 17 
Lincoln Park, 42 
Longworth House Office Building, 10 



M 



Marine Corps War Memorial (Arlington 

National Cemetery), 52 
Martin Luther King Memorial Library, 42 
Maryland, 55-56 

Clara Barton National Historic Site 

Fort Washington Park 

Great Falls Tavern (Crommelin House) 

Greenbelt Park 
Medical Museum, Armed Forces, 37 
Memorial Evangelical Lutheran Church, 42 
Mount Vernon, Home of George Washington 

(Virginia), 54 
Museum of African Art, 12 
Museums: 

Anacostia Neighborhood 
Museum, 37 

Armed Forces Medical Museum, 37 

Athenaeum (Alexandria, Va.), 49 

B'nai B'rith Museum, 37 

Corcoran Gallery of Art, 34 

Daughters of the American 
Revolution Museum, 35 

Dumbarton Oaks (Georgetown), 39 

Freer Gallery of Art, 20 

Healy Building (Georgetown 
University), 40 

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture 
Garden, 20 



National Museum of History and 

Technology, 26 
National Portrait Gallery, 43 
National Rifle Association Firearms 

Museum, 44 
Navy Memorial Museum, 45 
Phillips Collection, The, 46 
Renwick Gallery, 32 
Smithsonian Institution 

National Museum of Natural 
History, 25 
Textile Museum, The, 46 
Truxtun Decatur Naval Museum, 32 



N 



National Air and Space Museum, 21 
National Aquarium, The, in The 

Department of Commerce Building, 36 
National Arboretum, U.S., 48 
National Archives and 

Records Service, 23 
National City Christian Church, 42 
National Collection of Fine Arts, 43 
National Gallery of Ait, 22 
National Methodist Church, Metropolitan 

Memorial, The, 44 
National Museum of History and 

Technology, 26 
National Portrait Gallery, 43 
National Presbyterian Church and 

Center, 44 
National Rifle Association Firearms 

Museum, 44 
National Sculpture Garden, 24 
National Shrine of the Immaculate 

Conception, The, 44 
National Visitor Center, 6 
National Zoological Park, 44 
Navy Memorial Museum, 45 
Netherlands Carillon (Arlington 

National Cemetery), 52 
New Executive Office Building, 32 
Notre Dame Chapel, Trinity College, 45 



o 



Octagon House, 34 

Old North Building (Georgetown 

University), 40 
Old Presbyterian Meeting House 

(Alexandria, Va.), 51 
Old Stone House (Georgetown), 41 
Organization of American States (Pan 

American Union), 36 



Pan American Union (Organization of 

American States), 36 
Pentagon, The (Virginia), 55 



57 



INDEX 



Petersen House (The House Where Lincoln 

Died), 45 
Phillips Collection, The, 46 
Pope-Leighey House and Woodlawn 

(Virginia)', 55 
Portrait Gallery, National, 43 
Post Office, City, 6 



T 



R 



Ramsay House Visitors Center 

(Alexandria, Va.), 5 1 
Rayburn House Office Building, 10 
Red Cross, The American National, 35 
Renwick Gallery, 32 
Richard Brevard Russell Office 

Building (Senate), 13 
Robert A. Taft Memorial, 6 
Robert E. Lee Boyhood Home (Alexandria, 

Va.), 51 
Rock Creek Park, 46 
Roosevelt, Theodore, Island 

(Virginia), 55 
Russell, Richard Brevard, Office 

Building (Senate), 13 



St. John's Church, 32 

St. John's Church (Georgetown), 41 

St. Mary's Episcopal Church, 46 

St. Matthew's Cathedral, 46 

St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Rock 

Creek Parish, 46 
Senate, The 

Everett McKinley Dirksen Office 
Building, 13 

Richard Brevard Russell Office 
Building, 13 
Shakespeare Library, Folger, 12 
Smithsonian Institution (Headquarters), 20 
Smithsonian Institution (Branches) 

Anacostia Neighborhood Museum, 37 

Arts and Industries Building, 20 

Freer Gallery of Art, 20 

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture 
Garden, 20 

National Air and Space Museum, 21 

National Collection of Fine Arts, 43 

National Museum of History and 
Technology, 26 

National Museum of Natural History, 25 

National Portrait Gallery, 43 

National Zoological Park, 44 

Renwick Gallery, 32 
Smithsonian Institution National Museum 

of Natural History, 25 
Stabler-Leadbeater Apothecary Shop 

(Alexandria, Va.), 51 
State, Department of, 16 
Supreme Court of the United States, 12 
Sylvan Theatre, 18 



Taft, Robert A., Memorial, 6 

Textile Museum, The, 46 

Theodore Roosevelt Island (Virginia), 55 

Thomas Jefferson Memorial, 47 

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Arlington 

National Cemetery), 52 
Transportation, U. S. Department of, 48 
Treasury, U. S. Department of, 36 
Truxtun Decatur Naval Museum, 32 
Turkey Run Farm (Virginia), 55 



u 



U.S. Botanic Garden, 10 

U.S. Court House, 22 

U.S. Court of Claims and U.S. Court of 

Patent Appeals, 36 
U.S. Departments of: 

Agriculture, 19 

Commerce, 36 

Defense (The Pentagon), 55 

Health, Education and Welfare, 22 

Housing and Urban Development, 48 

Interior, 35 

Justice, 23 

Labor, 6 

State, 16 

Transportation, 48 

Treasury, 36 
United States Information Agency Exhibit and 

Voice of America Broadcast Facilities, 33 
U.S. National Arboretum, 48 
United States, Supreme Court of, 1 2 



V 



Veterans of Foreign Wars of the U. S. 

Memorial Building, 13 
Virginia, 49-55 
Alexandria: 

Athenaeum 

Carlyle House 

Christ Church 

Fort Ward Park 

Friendship Fire Engine Company 

Gadsby's Tavern 

George Washington Bicentennial Center 

George Washington Masonic 
National Memorial 

Lee-Fendall House 

Old Presbyterian Meeting House 

Ramsay House Visitors Center 

Robert E. Lee Boyhood Home 

Stabler-Leadbeater Apothecary Shop 
Arlington National Cemetery 

Arlington House, The Robert E. 
Lee Memorial 

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier 

U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial 

Netherlands Carillon 



Dulles International Airport 

Great Falls Park 

Gunston Hall Plantation 

Mount Vernon, Home of George 
Washington 

Pentagon, The 

Theodore Roosevelt Island 

Turkey Run Farm 

Wolf Trap Farm Park for the 
Performing Arts 

Woodlawn and Pope-Leighey House 
Visitor Center, National, 6 
Voice of America Broadcast Facilities 

and United States Information 

Agency Exhibit, 33 



wz 



Washington, George, Bicentennial 

Center (Alexandria, Va.), 50 
Washington, George, Masonic National 

Memorial (Alexandria, Va.), 50 
Washington Monument, 18 
Washington National Cathedral, 48 
White House, The, 30 
Wilson, Woodrow, House, 49 
Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing 

Arts (Virginia), 55 
Woodlawn and Pope-Leighey House 

(Virginia), 55 
Woodrow Wilson House, 49 
Zoological Park, National, 44 



58 



Topical Index 



Listed here are subjects of wide general interest, and some of the places that feature the most noteworthy displays. 



Antiques 

Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee 

Memorial, 52 
Clara Barton National 

Historic Site, 55 
Daughters of the American Revolution 

Museum, 35 
Decatur House, 32 
Department of State, 16 
Dumbarton House, 39 
Dumbarton Oaks, 39 
Gadsby's Tavern, 50 
Gunston Hall, 53 
Lee-Fendall House, 51 
Mount Vernon, Home of George 

Washington, 54 
National Gallery of Art, 22 
National Museum of History and 

Technology, 26 
Octagon House, 34 
Old Stone House, 41 
Renwick Gallery, 32 
Robert E. Lee Boyhood Home, 51 
Stabler-Leadbeater Apothecary Shop, 51 
The White House, 30 
Woodlawn, 55 

Arms and Armament 

Federal Bureau of Investigation, 22 
Fort Ward Park, 50 
National Rifle Association 

Firearms Museum, 44 
Navy Memorial Museum, 45 
Truxton Decatur Naval Museum, 32 

Art, African 

Anacostia Neighborhood Museum, 37 
Museum of African Art, 12 
Smithsonian Institution National 
Museum of Natural History, 25 

Art, Indian 

Smithsonian Institution National 

Museum of Natural History, 25 
U.S. Department of the Interior, 35 

Art, Miscellaneous 

B'nai B'rith Museum, 37 
Dumbarton Oaks, 39 
Franciscan Monastery, 38 
Islamic Center, 41 
National Shrine of the Immaculate 

Conception, 44 
Notre Dame Chapel, 45 
Organization of American States, 36 
St. Matthew's Cathedral, 46 



Art, Oriental 

Freer Gallery of Art, 20 
Smithsonian Institution National 
Museum of Natural History, 25 

Art, Painting: 
Old Masters 

Corcoran Gallery of Art, 35 
Healy Building (Georgetown 

University), 40 
National Gallery of Art, 22 

Art, Painting: 
Early American, 
19th and 20th Centuries 
American Realist 
Corcoran Gallery of Art, 35 
Department of State, 16 
Freer Gallery of Art, 20 
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture 

Garden, 20 
National Collection of Fine Arts, 43 
National Gallery of Art, 22 
National Portrait Gallery, 43 
Renwick Gallery, 32 
The Phillips Collection, 46 
The White House, 30 
U.S. Capitol, 7 

Ait, Painting: 

Impressionist, Post Impressionist, 

Cubist, and Early Modern 

Corcoran Gallery of Art, 35 
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture 

Garden, 20 
National Collection of Fine Arts, 43 
National Gallery of Art, 22 
The Phillips Collection, 46 

Art, Painting: 

Late Modern and Contemporary 

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture 

Garden, 20 
National Collection of Fine Arts, 43 
National Gallery of Art, 22 
The Phillips Collection, 46 

Art: Sculpture 

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture 

Garden, 20 
Lafayette Park, 32 
Lincoln Park, 42 

National Collection of Fine Arts, 43 
National Gallery of Art, 22 
National Museum of History and 

Technology, 26 



National Portrait Gallery, 43 
U.S. Capitol, 7 

Books, Manuscripts, and Documents 

Daughters of American Revolution 

Memorial Continental Hall, 35 
Dumbarton Oaks, 39 
Folger Shakespeare Library, 12 
Library of Congress, 1 1 
Martin Luther King Memorial Library, 42 
National Archives and Records Service, 23 
National Portrait Gallery, 43 

Folkcraft Demonstrations 

Festival of American Folklife, 18 
Old Stone House, 41 
Turkey Run Farm, 55 

Gardens 

Constitution Gardens, 18 
Dumbarton Oaks, 39 
Franciscan Monastery, 38 
Gunston Hall, 53 
Kenilworth Aquatic Gardens, 42 
Mount Vernon, Home of George 

Washington, 54 
Organization of American States, 36 
U.S. Botanic Garden, 10 
U.S. National Arboretum, 48 
Washington National Cathedral 

(Bishop's Garden), 48 

Textiles 

National Museum of History and 

Technology, 26 
The Textile Museum, 46 

Tools, Implements, and Inventions 
National Museum of History and 

Technology, 26 
U.S. Department of the Interior, 35 

Transportation: Planes, Trains, 
Carriages, and Cars 

National Air and Space Museum, 21 
National Museum of History and 
Technology, 26 



59 



AP PAGE 29(23 




,, % 



[REE1 
Tiailway 
Bus Term <? 






9 


PUBLIC PARKING 




PARKING Al the Visitor Center Rail Terminal, 
there is parking tor a tee At RFK Stadium. 22nd 
and I Capitol St , S E and the North Pentagon 
lot parking is tree but there is a charge lor shuttle 
service to the city 



&** 



r 




CONTINUED AT U.PAGE 60 I! &fe U . ^sTu^f 




UPSHUR SffiEU 



WASHINGTON, D.C., nearby VIRGINIA and MARYLAND with Capitol Beltway and Access Roads 




64 



Where to Find 
the Embassies 

7~7ip intpvwitinn/il rfinvnrtpr f*f lA/ncliiiitrtsin iv 


GUYANA 
2490 Tracy PI. 
(265-6900-3) 

4400 17th St. 
(RA 3-7000-1) 




DATE DUE 










zuxuxzuxuz 










I'll 1 ! i t ( ' till t 1 < ! t ii 1 LflUfUL llf 

evidenced by these embassi 


es from all over the world, 
st section of the city, and 


4301 Connecticu 
Suite 408 
(966-7700) 


— — 








TJiey are all in the Northwt 






2UXU*ift: 


the complete mailing addre 


ss requires the addition 
code for all the 


2437 15th St. 
(DU 7-3800-2 am 






mm^mw ^w 





61) 


of the letters NW. Tlie area 










Ave. 


telephone numbers is 202. 


7 *il 1 \f\ r\ cc'i rhii^ptt*; A vp 


2022 Connecticut 
(CO 5-6653-5) 

2107 Massachuse" 












2 341 Wyoming Ave. 
(AD 4-3770-1-2) 
ALGERIA 










(NO 7-9000-5) 

(I A 
2118 Leroy PI. 


(CO 5-5050) 
2020 Massachuse 










2118 Kalorama Rd. 












(234-7246) 


(DU 7-5828) 
COSTA RICA 


(293-1 745) 










i Ave. 


1600 New Hampshire Ave. 


2112 S St. 


3005 Massachuse 










5-8) 


(DE 2-7100-9) 


(AD 4-2945-6-7) 
2211 R St. 


(797-6500) 
1801 P St. 












1601 Massachusetts Ave. 










We. 

3) 


(797-3000) 


(462-5772) 

(VAKIA 


(483-7500) 






















e Ave. 


2343 Massachusetts Ave. 
(483-4474) 


3900 Linnean Ave. 
(363-6315-6) 

(see Benin) 


22 34 Massachus< 

IAR 1 7 A ?0 ) ~ 










00-8) 


t*tt->j- /oj yj 












600 New Hampshire Ave. 


3200 Whitehaven St. 


1621 22nd St. 
(HU 3-4100) 










Suite 865 (338-3940) 








- 


BANGLAD 
Brighton Hotel 
2123 California St. 


(234-4300) 

INK AN REPUBLIC 
1715 22nd St. 


1 601 Fuller St. ~~ 










e Ave. 
>05-8) 


(AD 4-1 935-8 ) 












(737-9169) 


(DE 2-6280) 












i Ave. 


BARBADOS 

2144 Wyoming Ave. 


2535 15th St. 


2424 Massachus 
(HU 3-2400) 












(387-7373-4, 3232) 


(AD 4-7200) 
EGYPT 


1666 Connectic 






















3330 Garfield St. 
(333-6900) 


2310 Decatur PL 
(232-5400) 


(387-1010) 












2 520 Massachus 










s Ave. 


2737 Cathedral Ave. 


2308 California St. 
(CO 5-3480-1-2) 


(234-2266) \- 




1 




)BAGO 


(232-6656) 




DEMCO 38-297 


s Ave. 






2319 Wyoming .. 


.~. 




1625 Massachusetts Ave. 


2134 Kalorama Rd. 


(265-1606) 


(387-1980-2) 




Suite 600 


(AD 4-2281-2) 






2408 Massachusetts Ave. 


(483-4410-1-2) 




2249 R St. 


2315 Massachusetts Ave. 


(AD 4-6644) 


BOTSWANA 


1629 K St., Suite 520 


(387-6101) 


(DE 2-8330) 


TUR 1 


4301 Connecticut Ave. 


(296-3928) 






1606 23rd St. 


Suite 404 (244-4990) 




2320 Massachuse 


tts Ave. 2862 McGill Terrace 


(NO 7-6400-1, 7581, 


BRAZIL 


1900 24th St. 


(483-7383) 


(483-1407) 


and 1 024) 


3006 Massachusetts Ave. 


(HO 2-0556) 








(797-0100) 




2940 Tilden St. 


1776 Massachusetts Ave. 


5909 16th St. 




25 35 Belmont Rd. 


(966-0702) 


(833-3510) 


(726-7100-2) 


2100 16th St. 


(AD 4-0990) 








(DU 7-7969) 




2222 SSt. 


2400 Massachusetts Ave. 


5T REPUBLICS 




2210 R St. 


(DE 2-6416-7) 


(483-6960) 


1125 16th St. 


2 300 S St. 


(797-1000) 






(NA 8-7551 and 8548) 


(DE 2-9044-5-6) 


lOCRATIC 


4325 17th St. 


1700 Massachusetts Ave. 








(RA 6-8213-4) 


(833-9860-9) 


600 New Hampshire Ave. 


2717 Connecticut Ave. 


1717 Massachusetts Ave. 






Suite 740 (338-6500) 


(387-4477-80) 


(232-3134) 


2560 28th St. 


1617 Massachusetts Ave. 






GERMANY, FEDERAL 


(332-0300-3) 


(483-1414) 


5500 16th St. 


2349 Massachusetts Ave. 


REPUBLIC OF 




POLAND 


(726-0992-3) 


(265-8790-4) 


4645 Reservoir Rd. 


Caravel Bldg., 1601 






(331-3000) 


necticut Ave., Su 


te 300 (234-3800-2) 


1918 F St. 


1746 Massachusetts Ave. 




(462-4190-2) 




(331-1313-6) 


(785-1400) 


2460 16th St. 




2125 Kalorama Rd. 




CENTRAL AFRICAN 


(462-0761) 


5201 16th St. 


Entrance through private 


2445 Massachusetts Ave. 


REPUBLIC 


GREAT BRITAIN 


(RA 3-0437-40) 


driveway (265-1643-4) 


(265-9600) 


1618 22nd St. 


3100 Massachusetts Ave. 








(265-5637 and 4907) 


(462-1340) 


2 344 Massachuse 


ts Ave. 600 New Hampshire Ave. 


600 New Hampshire Ave. 


YLON (see Sri Lanka) 




(232-1315-7) 


Suite 1180 (338-0111) 


Suite 860 (965-4760-1) 


CHAD 


2221 Massachusetts Ave. 




RC 




2600 Virginia Ave. 


(NO 7-3168-70 


2622 16th St. 


1607 23rd St. 


2i JO California St. 


Suite 410 (331-7696-7) 


and 1883) 


(AD 4-5860) 


(AD 2-4747-9) 


(HO 2-6566) 


C '1 III 1 


GUATEMALA 


LUXEMBOURG 


RWA 




1732 Massachusetts Ave. 


2220 R St. 


2210 Massachuse 


ts Ave. 1714 New Hampshire Ave. 


1800 New Hampshire Ave. 


(785-1 746) 


(DE 2-2865-6) 


(265-41 71 ) 


(232-2882) 


(234-7690-1 and 761 7) 




2112 Leroy PL 


2374 Massachusetts Ave. 1520 18th St. 


2419 Massachusetts Ave. 




(HU 3-9420) 


(265-5525-6) 


(483-2100) 




(265 


-9717-21) 




CONTENTS 

3 BIOS QL4735 

Welcome to Washington Inside front cover 
Capitol Hill and Environs, with Map page 4 
The Mall, with Map page 1 4 

The White House Area, with Map page 28 

Other Attractions: Washington, D.C., 
nearby Virginia and Maryland page 37 

Index page 56 

Topical Index page 59 

Street Map of Washington, D.C. page 60 

Map of Surrounding Area page 64 

Where to Find the Embassies Inside back cover 



2506 



In Case of Emergency: 

Police: 911 (emergency) 



U.S.Park Police (202)426-6680 



Fire Department, Ambulance, Poison Control Center: 
and Rescue Squad: 91 1 (202) 835-4080 

For Further Travel Information: 



National Visitor 

Center 
(202) 523-5300 

National Capital 

Parks 

Dial-a-Park 

Activities 

(202) 426-6975 

Washington 
Convention and 
Visitor's Bureau 
(202) 659-6423 

Traveler's Aid 

Society 
(202) 347-0101 

Public Citizen's 
Visitor Center 
(202) 659-9053 

International 

Visitors 

Service Council 

(202) 872-8747 



Bicentennial 

Information Center 

(housing referral) 

(202) 737-6666 

National Capital 

U.S.O. 
(202) 783-9363 

Daily Tourist 

Information 

(202) 737-8866 

Tourmobile 
(202) 638-5371 

Bus Information: 

Metro: Buses and 

Subway 

(6 a.m. to 

11:30 p.m.) 

(202) 637-2437 

Greyhound 
(202) 628-8000 

Trailways 
(202) 737-5800 



Train Information: 

Amtrak 

(800*) 523-5720 

(*toll free) 

N.Y. Penn Central 

(202) 484-7540 

Southern Railway 

(800) 523-5720 

Chessie System 

(commit ter service) 

(202) 783-8108 

Airport Bus Service: 

National I Dulles 

(703) 471-9801 

Baltimore/ Washington 

International Airport 

(202) 347-7766 



Time: 

(202) 844-2525 

Weather: 
(20 1) 936-1212 



Opening and Closing Hours 
of Major Attractions 



Bureau of Engraving and 
Printing. Continuous self- 
guiding walk-through tours 
Mon.-Fri. 8-1 1:30 a.m. and 
12:30-2 p.m. Closed holi- 
days. 

Hirshhorn Museum and 
Sculpture Garden. Open 
daily: Apr. 1 -Labor Day 10 
a.m.-9 p.m.; rest of year 10 
a.m. -5: 30 p.m. Closed 
Christmas. 

Thomas Jefferson Memo- 
rial. Open daily 8 a.m.-mid- 
night. 

The John F. Kennedy Cen- 
ter for the Performing 
Arts. Open daily: Mon.- 
Sat. 10 a.m. -midnight; Sun. 
noon-midnight. Tours 
Mon.-Fri. 10a.m.-l p.m. 

Library of Congress. Exhi- 
bition halls open daily: 
Mon.-Fri. 8:30 a.m.-9:30 
p.m.; Sat., Sun., and holi- 
days 8:30 a.m. -6 p.m. 
Annex open Mon.-Fri. 
8:30 a.m.-9:30 p.m.; Sat. 
8:30 a.m.-5 p.m.; Sun. 1 
p.m.-5 p.m. Closed Christ- 
mas, New Year's Day. Free 
guided tours Mon.-Fri. (ex- 
cept holidays) every hour 
on the hour 9 a.m.-4 p.m. 

Lincoln Memorial. Nation- 
al Park Service guide avail- 
able for free five-minute 
tours daily, except Christ- 
mas, 8 a.m.-midnight. Spe- 
cial tours for the blind. 

National Air and Space 
Museum. Open daily 1 
a.m.-5:30 p.m. Extended 
hours during summer. 
Closed Christmas. 

National Archives and Rec- 
ord Service. Guided tours 
available on request, but 
reservations must be made 
by phone or mail two 
weeks in advance. Open 
daily: first Mon. in Oct.- 
first Sun. in Mar. Mon. -Sat. 
9 a.m. -6 p.m., Sun. 1-6 
p.m. Rest of year: Mon.- 
Sat. 9 a.m.-lO p.m., Sun. 
1-10 p.m. Exhibition hall 
closed Christmas, New 
Year's Day; research rooms 
closed Federal holidays. 



National Collection of Fine 
Arts. Open daily 10 a.m.- 
5:30 p.m. Closed Christ-* 
mas. 

National Gallery of Art. 
Open daily: Mon.-Sat. 10 
a.m.-5 p.m.; Sun. noon-9 
p.m. During summer open 
until 9 p.m. Closed Christ- 
mas. New Year's Day. 

National Museum of His- 
tory and Technology. 
Open daily: Apr. 1-Sept. 1 
10 a.m.-9 p.m.; rest of year 
10 a.m.-5:30 p.m. Closed 
Christmas. 

National Portrait Gallery. 
Open daily 10 a.m.-5:30 
p.m. Closed Christmas. 

National Visitor Center. 
Open daily 8 a.m.- 10 p.m. 

National Zoological Park. 
Open daily: Apr.-Sept. 9 
a.m.-8 p.m.; rest of year 9 
a.m.-5:30 p.m. 

Smithsonian Institution 
National Museum of Natu- 
ral History. Call (202) 
381-6264 for special tours. 
Open daily 10 a.m.-5:30 
p.m. Extended evening 
hours during summer. 
Closed Christmas. 

Supreme Court of the U.S. 
Open Mon.-Fri., except 
holidays, 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m. 
Courtroom presentations 
every half hour 9:30 a.m.-4 
p.m. When in session 3:30 
and 4 p.m. only. 

U.S. Capitol. Open daily 9 
a.m. -4: 30 p.m. Closed 
Thanksgiving, Christmas, 
New Year's Day. Tours 
every few minutes 9 
a.m.-3:45 p.m. 

Washington Monument. 
Open daily: Mar. 21-Labor 
Day 8 a.m.-midnight; rest 
of year 9 a.m. -5 p.m. 
Closed Christmas. Tickets 
may be reserved in ad- 
vance. 

The White House. Ticket 
booth open Tues.-Fri. 8 
a.m. -noon, Sat. 8 a.m.-' 
p.m. 




Prepared by the Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Pleasantville, NY lor the 



NATIONAL VISITOR CENTER 



National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior 



As the Nation's principal conservation agency, the Department of the In- 
terior has responsibility for most of our nationally owned public land's and 
natural resources. This includes fostering the wisest use of our land and 
water resources, protecting our fish and wildlife, preserving the environ- 
mental and cultural values of our national parks ?nd historical places, and 
providing for the enioyment of life through outdoor recreation. The Depart- 
ment assesses our energy and mineral resources and works to assure that 
their development is in the best interests of all our people. The Department 
also has a major responsibility for American Indian reservation communi- 
ties and for people who live in Island Territories under U.S. administration. 



liGPO 1976- 21 I JI2 2 



OC 20402 Slock Number 024005-00644 3